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Shortly after activation by either thrombin or the tethered ligand domain peptide SFLLRN, thrombin receptors undergo homologous desensitization, temporarily losing their ability to respond to both agonists. We have examined the role of receptor internalization and recycling in this process using receptor-directed antibodies as probes. The results show(More)
CXCR4 (also termed fusin, LESTR, or HUMSTR) is a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family with seven membrane-spanning domains. CXCR4 acts as a coreceptor for syncytium-inducing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains, conferring entry into CD4+ cells. We show here that a novel mouse monoclonal antibody (12G5) that recognizes(More)
Lysosomal Ca(2+) homeostasis is implicated in disease and controls many lysosomal functions. A key in understanding lysosomal Ca(2+) signaling was the discovery of the two-pore channels (TPCs) and their potential activation by NAADP. Recent work concluded that the TPCs function as a PI(3,5)P2 activated channels regulated by mTORC1, but not by NAADP. Here,(More)
The receptor-evoked Ca(2+) signal is sensed and translated by mitochondria. Physiological cytoplasmic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]c) oscillations result in mitochondrial Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]m) oscillations, while large and sustained [Ca(2+)]c increase results in a pathologic increase in basal [Ca(2+)]m and in Ca(2+) accumulation. The physiological [Ca(2+)]m signal(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a potent second messenger that mobilizes Ca(2+) from the acidic endolysosomes by activation of the two-pore channels TPC1 and TPC2. The channel properties of human TPC1 have not been studied before, and its cellular function is not known. In the present study, we characterized TPC1 incorporated into(More)
In an attempt to generate broadly cross-reactive, neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), we compared two immunization protocols using different preparations of oligomeric SIV envelope (Env) glycoproteins. In the first protocol, mice were immunized with soluble gp140 (sgp140) from CP-MAC, a laboratory-adapted(More)
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels mediate a critical part of the receptor-evoked Ca(2+) influx. TRPCs are gated open by the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) sensor STIM1. Here we asked which stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and TRPC domains mediate the interaction between them and how this interaction is used to open the channels. We(More)
According to current models, human thrombin receptors are activated when thrombin cleaves the receptor's N terminus, exposing the tethered ligand domain, SFLLRN. In the megakaryoblastic CHRF-288 cell line, thrombin receptor activation is followed by the rapid internalization of > 90% of the receptors. In the present studies, antibodies directed at the site(More)
The protease-activated family of G protein-coupled receptors includes PAR-1 and PAR-3, which are activated by thrombin, and PAR-2, which is activated by trypsin and tryptase. PAR-2 has recently been shown to be expressed in human endothelial cells. In the present studies, we have examined the expression of PAR-2 in other cells, particularly vascular smooth(More)