Learn More
Shortly after activation by either thrombin or the tethered ligand domain peptide SFLLRN, thrombin receptors undergo homologous desensitization, temporarily losing their ability to respond to both agonists. We have examined the role of receptor internalization and recycling in this process using receptor-directed antibodies as probes. The results show(More)
Lysosomal Ca(2+) homeostasis is implicated in disease and controls many lysosomal functions. A key in understanding lysosomal Ca(2+) signaling was the discovery of the two-pore channels (TPCs) and their potential activation by NAADP. Recent work concluded that the TPCs function as a PI(3,5)P2 activated channels regulated by mTORC1, but not by NAADP. Here,(More)
CXCR4 (also termed fusin, LESTR, or HUMSTR) is a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family with seven membrane-spanning domains. CXCR4 acts as a coreceptor for syncytium-inducing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains, conferring entry into CD4+ cells. We show here that a novel mouse monoclonal antibody (12G5) that recognizes(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a potent second messenger that mobilizes Ca(2+) from the acidic endolysosomes by activation of the two-pore channels TPC1 and TPC2. The channel properties of human TPC1 have not been studied before, and its cellular function is not known. In the present study, we characterized TPC1 incorporated into(More)
Binding of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) to specific receptors (u-PAR) on the surface of endothelial cells contributes to the regulation of plasmin-dependent processes such as fibrinolysis and angiogenesis. We studied the effect of raising intracellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP) and/or activating protein kinase C on the expression of u-PAR(More)
The protease-activated family of G protein-coupled receptors includes PAR-1 and PAR-3, which are activated by thrombin, and PAR-2, which is activated by trypsin and tryptase. PAR-2 has recently been shown to be expressed in human endothelial cells. In the present studies, we have examined the expression of PAR-2 in other cells, particularly vascular smooth(More)
According to current models, human thrombin receptors are activated when thrombin cleaves the receptor's N terminus, exposing the tethered ligand domain, SFLLRN. In the megakaryoblastic CHRF-288 cell line, thrombin receptor activation is followed by the rapid internalization of > 90% of the receptors. In the present studies, antibodies directed at the site(More)
Recent studies have helped to define the mechanisms by which thrombin activates platelets and other cells. Those studies show that the human thrombin receptor has a structure similar to other G protein-coupled receptors, but is activated by a novel mechanism in which thrombin cleaves its receptor, creating a new N-terminus that can serve as a tethered(More)
Platelet activation by thrombin is at least partially mediated by a G-protein-coupled receptor whose extended N-terminus is cleaved by thrombin. Theoretically, this should release a small fragment containing the original receptor N-terminus. However, the fate of this fragment is unknown, as is its biological role, if any. To begin to examine these issues,(More)