Malini Ahuja

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Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a potent second messenger that mobilizes Ca(2+) from the acidic endolysosomes by activation of the two-pore channels TPC1 and TPC2. The channel properties of human TPC1 have not been studied before, and its cellular function is not known. In the present study, we characterized TPC1 incorporated into(More)
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels mediate a critical part of the receptor-evoked Ca(2+) influx. TRPCs are gated open by the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) sensor STIM1. Here we asked which stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and TRPC domains mediate the interaction between them and how this interaction is used to open the channels. We(More)
The Orai1-STIM1 current undergoes slow Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation (SCDI) mediated by the binding of SARAF to STIM1. Here we report the use of SCDI by SARAF as a probe of the conformation and microdomain localization of the Orai1-STIM1 complex. We find that the interaction of STIM1 with Orai1 carboxyl terminus (C terminus) and the STIM1 K-domain are(More)
Ca(2+) influx by store-operated Ca(2+) channels (SOCs) mediates all Ca(2+)-dependent cell functions, but excess Ca(2+) influx is highly toxic. The molecular components of SOC are the pore-forming Orai1 channel and the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) sensor STIM1. Slow Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation (SCDI) of Orai1 guards against cell damage, but its molecular(More)
Ca(2+) signaling entails receptor-stimulated Ca(2+) release from the ER stores that serves as a signal to activate Ca(2+) influx channels present at the plasma membrane, the store-operated Ca(2+) channels (SOCs). The two known SOCs are the Orai and TRPC channels. The SOC-dependent Ca(2+) influx mediates and sustains virtually all Ca(2+)-dependent regulatory(More)
Mutations in TRPML1 cause the lysosomal storage disease mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV). The role of TRPML1 in cell function and how the mutations cause the disease are not well understood. Most studies focus on the role of TRPML1 in constitutive membrane trafficking to and from the lysosomes. However, this cannot explain impaired neuromuscular and secretory(More)
Regulation of organellar fusion and fission by Ca ( 2+) has emerged as a central paradigm in intracellular membrane traffic. Originally formulated for Ca ( 2+) -driven SNARE-mediated exocytosis in the presynaptic terminals, it was later expanded to explain membrane traffic in other exocytic events within the endo-lysosomal system. The list of processes and(More)
Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane is a key component of the receptor-evoked Ca2+ signaling that mediate numerous cell functions and reload the ER after partial or full ER Ca2+ store depletion. Ca2+ influx is activated in response to Ca2+ release from the ER, a concept developed by Jim Putney, and the channels mediating the influx are thus called(More)
The Ca(2+) second messenger is initiated at ER/PM junctions and propagates into the cell interior to convey the receptor information. The signal is maintained by Ca(2+) influx across the plasma membrane through the Orai and TRPC channels. These Ca(2+) influx channels form complexes at ER/PM junctions with the ER Ca(2+) sensor STIM1, which activates the(More)
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