Malini Ahuja

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Shortly after activation by either thrombin or the tethered ligand domain peptide SFLLRN, thrombin receptors undergo homologous desensitization, temporarily losing their ability to respond to both agonists. We have examined the role of receptor internalization and recycling in this process using receptor-directed antibodies as probes. The results show(More)
Lysosomal Ca(2+) homeostasis is implicated in disease and controls many lysosomal functions. A key in understanding lysosomal Ca(2+) signaling was the discovery of the two-pore channels (TPCs) and their potential activation by NAADP. Recent work concluded that the TPCs function as a PI(3,5)P2 activated channels regulated by mTORC1, but not by NAADP. Here,(More)
The Ca(2+) and cAMP/PKA pathways are the primary signaling systems in secretory epithelia that control virtually all secretory gland functions. Interaction and crosstalk in Ca(2+) and cAMP signaling occur at multiple levels to control and tune the activity of each other. Physiologically, Ca(2+) and cAMP signaling operate at 5-10% of maximal strength, but(More)
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels mediate a critical part of the receptor-evoked Ca(2+) influx. TRPCs are gated open by the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) sensor STIM1. Here we asked which stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and TRPC domains mediate the interaction between them and how this interaction is used to open the channels. We(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a potent second messenger that mobilizes Ca(2+) from the acidic endolysosomes by activation of the two-pore channels TPC1 and TPC2. The channel properties of human TPC1 have not been studied before, and its cellular function is not known. In the present study, we characterized TPC1 incorporated into(More)
CXCR4 (also termed fusin, LESTR, or HUMSTR) is a member of the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor family with seven membrane-spanning domains. CXCR4 acts as a coreceptor for syncytium-inducing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains, conferring entry into CD4+ cells. We show here that a novel mouse monoclonal antibody (12G5) that recognizes(More)
The receptor-evoked Ca(2+) signal is sensed and translated by mitochondria. Physiological cytoplasmic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]c) oscillations result in mitochondrial Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]m) oscillations, while large and sustained [Ca(2+)]c increase results in a pathologic increase in basal [Ca(2+)]m and in Ca(2+) accumulation. The physiological [Ca(2+)]m signal(More)
In an attempt to generate broadly cross-reactive, neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), we compared two immunization protocols using different preparations of oligomeric SIV envelope (Env) glycoproteins. In the first protocol, mice were immunized with soluble gp140 (sgp140) from CP-MAC, a laboratory-adapted(More)
Recent studies have helped to define the mechanisms by which thrombin activates platelets and other cells. Those studies show that the human thrombin receptor has a structure similar to other G protein-coupled receptors, but is activated by a novel mechanism in which thrombin cleaves its receptor, creating a new N-terminus that can serve as a tethered(More)