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OBJECTIVE To assess the risk for emergency cesarean section among women in whom labor was induced in gestational week ≥41 and to evaluate if parity and mode of induction affected this association. DESIGN Hospital-based retrospective cohort study. POPULATION Singleton pregnancies delivered after ≥41 gestational weeks at Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm,(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the association between fetal size at time of dating ultrasound and risk for preterm delivery and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to evaluate if timing of ultrasound, that is before 14 weeks of gestation or after 16 weeks affects this association. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Ultrasound departments of(More)
OBJECTIVES Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common pregnancy liver-specific disease. Induction of labor in gestational weeks 37-39 is commonly performed with the perspective to avoid the complication of stillbirth. We aimed to study whether this practice increases the risks of emergency cesarean section (CS) and fetal asphyxia. (More)
OBJECTIVE To apply stereology for the detection of possibly morphological abnormalities in placentas of women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). STUDY DESIGN Prospective case-control study of placentas from untreated and UDCA-treated ICP, respectively, and normal pregnancies, examined for morphological differences by systematic random(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine if criterion standard colposcopy could be provided by a pocket-sized battery-driven colposcope, the Gynocular. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was a randomized, crossover, pilot clinical trial for evaluating agreement of diagnosis of cervical lesions by colposcopy using a standard colposcope and a pocket-sized(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between caesarean section and later endometriosis. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING The Swedish Patient Register (PAR) and the Swedish Medical Birth Registry (MBR). SAMPLE Women who were delivered in Sweden between 1986 and 2004. METHODS Women with the diagnosis of endometriosis, defined as codes(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common liver disease in pregnancy. It is associated with hepatobiliary diseases that might predispose to cancer and also with gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. In this study, we examined associations between ICP and cancer, and immune-mediated and cardiovascular diseases. (More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to estimate the risk for postoperative adhesions and intestinal obstruction after cesarean delivery and to estimate whether the rate remains stable over time. STUDY DESIGN Women who had the aforementioned diagnoses in the Swedish Hospital Discharge Registry were linked to the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. Women(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate cervical lesions by the Swede coloscopy system, histologic finding, liquid-based cytology, and human papillomavirus (HPV) in women who resulted positive for visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) by using a pocket-sized battery-driven colposcope, the Gynocular (Gynius AB, Sweden). METHODS This study(More)
OBJECTIVES Evaluation of the performance of VIA (visual inspection with acetic acid) trained nurses to learn colposcopy and the Swede score method to detect cervical lesions by using stationary colposcope or a portable, hand-held colposcope; the Gynocular, as compared to doctors. DESIGN A crossover randomised clinical trial. SETTING The Colposcopy(More)