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Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) stimulates motility and cytoplasmic spreading in mature osteoclasts. Therefore, we examined the cellular events and intracellular signaling pathways that accompany CSF-1-induced spreading in normal osteoclasts. To explore the role c-src plays in these processes, we also studied osteoclasts prepared from animals with(More)
Several genetic forms of human dwarfism have been linked to activating mutations in FGF receptor 3, indicating that FGF signaling has a critical role in chondrocyte maturation and skeletal development. However, the mechanisms through which FGFs affect chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation remain poorly understood. We show here that activation of FGF(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) play a critical role in bone growth and development affecting both chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. During the process of intramembranous ossification, which leads to the formation of the flat bones of the skull, unregulated FGF signaling can produce premature suture closure or craniosynostosis and other craniofacial(More)
Unregulated FGF receptor signaling results in bone malformations that affect both endochondral and intramembranous ossification, and is the basis for several genetic forms of human dwarfism. FGF signaling inhibits chondrocyte proliferation and we have previously shown that the transcription factor STAT1 mediates the growth inhibitory effect of FGF in vitro.(More)
Unregulated FGF signaling affects endochondral ossification and long bone growth, causing several genetic forms of human dwarfism. One major mechanism by which FGFs regulate endochondral bone growth is through their inhibitory effect on chondrocyte proliferation. Because mice with targeted mutations of the retinoblastoma (Rb)-related proteins p107 and p130(More)
Under conditions of vitamin B12 deficiency the marine phytoplankton Thalassiosira pseudonana secretes into the growth medium a protein (Gm protein) that binds B12 specifically with an affinity constant of 2 x 10(11) M(-1). When Gm protein was used as a B12-specific binder in radioassays for the direct determination of the vitamin, the detection limit of the(More)
The interaction of gossypol with sperm macromolecules is an important process for the gossypol action. It is of our interests to study the nature of this interaction in order to understand the mechanism of action of gossypol. Our experimental results support the thesis that gossypol inhibits sperm motility by blocking ATP production and utilization. The(More)
The tyrosine kinase receptor for macrophage colony-stimulating factor and the non-receptor tyrosine kinase c-Src play critical roles in osteoclast differentiation and function. Since the ubiquitously expressed adaptor protein Grb2 plays an important role in several tyrosine kinase signal transduction pathways, we used a filter binding assay to identify(More)
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