Maliha Asghar Alikhan

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Colony-stimulating factor (CSF)-1 controls the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of macrophages, which are recognized as scavengers and agents of the innate and the acquired immune systems. Because of their plasticity, macrophages are endowed with many other essential roles during development and tissue homeostasis. We present evidence that CSF-1(More)
Susceptibility and protection against human autoimmune diseases, including type I diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and Goodpasture disease, is associated with particular human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles. However, the mechanisms underpinning such HLA-mediated effects on self-tolerance remain unclear. Here we investigate the molecular mechanism of(More)
Glomerular injury and podocyte loss leads to secondary tubulointerstitial damage and the development of fibrosis. The possibility of genetically reprogramming adult cells, termed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS), may pave the way for patient-specific stem-cell-based therapies. Here, we reprogrammed normal human mesangial cells to pluripotency by(More)
Observations in experimental murine myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) show mast cells degranulate, thus enhancing injury as well as producing immunomodulatory IL-10. Here we report that, compared with biopsy specimens from control patients, renal biopsy specimens from 44 patients with acute AAV had more mast cells in the interstitium,(More)
The mononuclear phagocyte system is comprised of circulating monocytes, tissue macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) that play key roles in tissue homeostasis, immune surveillance, and immune and non-immune-mediated tissue injury and repair. This review summarizes the various subsets within this system that exhibit significant functional and phenotypic(More)
In acute kidney injury, which is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, cytokines and leukocytes promote inflammation and injury. We examined the pathogenic role of IL-17A in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury. Intrarenal IL-17A mRNA transcription and protein expression were increased in wild-type mice after cisplatin-induced renal injury. An(More)
Less toxic treatment options for patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA-associated GN are needed. Using an established murine model of focal necrotizing GN mediated by autoimmunity to MPO (autoimmune anti-MPO GN), we assessed the capacity for nasal tolerance induced by nasal insufflation of the immunodominant nephritogenic MPO peptide (MPO409-428) to(More)
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) enhances proinflammatory responses, but whether it can act in a regulatory capacity remains to be established. In experimental murine AKI induced by cisplatin, Tlr9(-/-) mice developed enhanced renal injury and exhibited fewer intrarenal regulatory T cells (Tregs) compared with genetically intact mice. A series of reconstitution(More)
Polychromatic flow cytometry is a powerful tool for assessing populations of cells in the kidney through times of homeostasis, disease and tissue remodeling. In particular, macrophages have been identified as having central roles in these three settings. However, because of the plasticity of myeloid cells it has been difficult to define a specific(More)
BACKGROUND Lung immaturity due to preterm birth is a significant complication affecting neonatal health. Despite the detrimental effects of supplemental oxygen on alveolar formation, it remains an important treatment for infants with respiratory distress. Macrophages are traditionally associated with the propagation of inflammatory insults, however(More)