Malhar N. Kumar

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Adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar spine fusion remains a widely acknowledged problem, but there is insufficient knowledge regarding the factors that contribute to its occurrence. The aim of this study is to analyse the relationship between abnormal sagittal plane configuration of the lumbar spine and the development of adjacent segment(More)
There are very few studies with more than 20 years' follow-up of lumbar spine fusions for disc degeneration. Currently, there is a lot of interest in the subject of degenerative changes above the level of fusion; this study is concerned with such changes in the very long term (30 years). Twenty-eight patients showing sound fusion on radiographs following(More)
The aim of this prospective study is the analysis of the clinical and radiological outcomes of active thoraco-lumbar spinal tuberculosis treated with isolated posterior instrumentation without any posterior bone grafting or anterior inter-body bone grafting or anterior instrumentation. The study was a prospective follow-up of 25 patients with active(More)
BACKGROUND Nonunion of diaphyseal fractures of the humerus are frequently seen in clinical practice (incidence of up to 15% in certain studies) and osteosynthesis using dynamic compression plates, intra medullary nails and Ilizarov fixators have been reported previously. Locking compression plates (LCP) are useful in the presence of disuse osteoporosis,(More)
BACKGROUND Intramedullary jigs are most often used for distal femoral bone cuts in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the accuracy of bone cuts in the distal femur may be affected by the presence of diaphyseal deformities of the femur. METHODS Sixty-three patients (88 knees) with lateral bowing of the femur underwent primary TKA using a lateralized(More)
The aim of this study was to use positron emission tomography–computed tomography (PET-CT) imaging as a tool for assessment of viability of femoral head in acetabular fractures and help in early detection of complications like avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head. In our study PET-CT was done pre-operatively and six weeks postoperatively in 31(More)
Earlier literature on fixation of distal third humeral fractures describes the use of elaborate modification of existing implants, custom-made implants and dual plating. These modifications have the disadvantages of limitations of hardware availability and cost as well as longer surgical exposure to accommodate the plates. The aim of this study was to(More)
Earlier studies on femoral neck fractures have assessed the blood flow in either the pre- or postoperative period and information is lacking regarding changes in vascular flow to the femoral head after injury. Sixty-two adults with low-energy intracapsular femoral neck fractures were studied prospectively. Mean patient age was 57.2 years (range, 45-82(More)
BACKGROUND The sliding screw-plate devices and cephalo-medullary nail devices have performed well in stable inter-trochanteric fractures in patients with reasonably good quality of bone. However, their suboptimal performance in comminuted fractures in the presence of osteoporotic bone has prompted many surgeons to consider bipolar hemiarthroplasty as the(More)