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The present study was devoted to investigate the effects of the metabotropic glutamate receptor(mGluR)5 antagonist [(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]pyridine (MTEP) and the mGluR1 antagonist, (3-ethyl-2-methyl-quinolin-6-yl)-(4-methoxy-cyclohexyl)-methanone methanesulfonate (EMQMCM), in animal studies indicative of antiparkinsonian-like activity such as(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine 6 (5-HT6) receptors are involved in learning and memory processes and are discussed as promising targets for the treatment of cognitive impairment in central nervous system disorders. A number of 5-HT6 antagonists are currently in the clinical development for schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). There is some discrepancy regarding(More)
The non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist (+)MK-801 is widely used in animal research (over 3000 publications), however its extracellular brain concentration has never been reported. Here, we show using in vivo microdialysis that systemic injection of (+)MK-801 at doses of 0.05, 0.1 or 0.2mg/kg resulted in peak brain ECF(More)
Fenobam [N-(3-chlorophenyl)-N'-(4,5-dihydro-1-methyl-4-oxo-1H-imidazole-2-yl)urea] was suggested to possess anxiolytic actions 30 years ago. Hoffmann-La Roche researchers recently reported that it is a selective and potent mGlu5 receptor antagonist, acting as a negative allosteric modulator. In the present study, we show that fenobam readily penetrates to(More)
Under in vitro conditions ethanol inhibits the uptake and enhances release of [14C]-5HT from rat blood platelets. Similar results were obtained in blood platelets isolated from the blood rats receiving 2 g/kg ethanol. Ethanol decreased also the 5-HT content in the blood platelets. It inhibited the aggregation of blood platelets but did not change the(More)
Diurnal changes of serotonin-related factors in whole blood and fibrinolytic activity were determined in depressed patients and healthy controls. Whole blood serotonin concentration of depressed patients showed marked changes throughout daytime, with maximum values in the evening and lowest values in the morning, whereas its metabolite 5-HIAA followed a(More)
We examined tryptophan and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) levels in the blood after consumption of alcohol. Forty-five minutes after drinking, whole blood serotonin concentration was significantly reduced, whereas no changes were observed in tryptophan level. The diurnal rhythm of 5-HT in subjects who the day before had drunk alcohol was quite different(More)
In the current study we compared the potency of the selective metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR1) antagonist A-841720 (7-Azepan-1-yl-4-dimethylamino-7H-9-thia-1,5,7-triaza-fluoren-8-one) in rodent models of pain with its effects in models of learning and memory, to obtain information regarding the therapeutic window of this compound. A-841720(More)
MCI-9042, a potent inhibitor of 5HT2 receptor, was used to examine its effects on serotonin induced-aggregation of platelets obtained from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The extent of platelet aggregation induced by serotonin increased in DM patients without retinopathy, but the increase was further significant in DM patients with retinopathy.(More)
The relationship between the concentration of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT), its precursor; tryptophan (Trp) and the main metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood of monkey have been studied. 5-HT, Trp and 5-HIAA underwent circadian changes in both CSF and blood. Significant correlations were found(More)