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BACKGROUND The general public widely consumes caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine), which is contained in various foods, beverages and over-the-counter medications. We have shown previously that caffeine intake could affect bone metabolism in vivo. METHODS Because prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is shown to be elevated in the periodontally diseased site, the(More)
We studied the biochemical effects of excess methionine intake on the skin of newborn rats. Group 1 pups were intubated with methionine dissolved in 0.1 ml physiological saline solution in the amount of 0.1 g/100 body wt as a control using a gastric needle. Group 2 pups were given 0.2 g/100 g in the same manner as group 1 as an experimental group. They were(More)
The general public widely consumes caffeine which is contained in various foods, beverages, and over-the-counter medications. The relationships between caffeine intake and bone fractures is controversial. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to determine what effects, if any, caffeine intake in early life exerts on mechanical properties and mineral(More)
Caffeine consumption has been implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, in the present study, litters of rats were combined upon birth, and 8 pups were randomly assigned to each dam. Dams with pups were divided into 2 groups: group 1 received a 20% protein diet as a control, and group 2 received the 20% protein diet supplemented(More)
Pregnant dams were fed a 20% protein diet with caffeine (2 mg/100 g b.wt.), starting on day 9 of gestation. At birth, each dam with 8 assigned pups was fed this diet until weaning, day 22. On day 22, female rats were caged and fed this diet until day 93. Starting on day 93, the caffeine-supplemented diet was replaced with a caffeine-free, 20% protein diet(More)
Caffeine is a substance which many people consume in their daily life. Caffeine's effects on bone are still controversial. Using ovariectomized rats, the present study was conducted to determine to what extent caffeine intake affects the mechanical properties, bone minerals and histology. Aged rats were divided into 2 groups after ovariectomy. Group 1 was(More)
Pregnant dams were divided into two subgroups on day 10 of gestation. Half were fed a 20% protein diet and the other half an 8% protein diet. A second group also subdivided was pair-fed with rats of the first group. Their diet was supplemented with caffeine in amount calculated to provide daily doses of 2 mg/100 g body weight. On days 18, 20, and 22(More)
Time-pregnant rats were fed a regular laboratory diet until delivery. Litters delivered within an 8-hour period were combined and 8 randomly selected pups were assigned to each dam. Dams were then divided into two groups. Group I received a 20% protein diet. Group II was pair-fed to group I with a 20% protein diet containing caffeine (1 mg/100 g body(More)
Various levels of maternal caffeine ingestion during pregnancy were investigated to determine whether caffeine will affect the mineral contents of the growing bones of fetal rats. On day 8 of gestation, rat dams were fed with a 20% protein diet supplemented with 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg caffeine/100 g of dams body weight as an experimental group and the same(More)
1. The growth of cardiac cells derived from newborn rats whose dams were either malnourished or malnourished with caffeine during pregnancy was inhibited in culture over the period of 5 days as compared to that of the normally nourished cells. 2. Cells derived from malnourished rats with caffeine added to their diets showed a greater inhibition than those(More)