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By utilizing new information from both clinical and experimental (lesion, electrophysiological, and gene-activation) studies with animals, the anatomy underlying anterograde amnesia has been reformulated. The distinction between temporal lobe and diencephalic amnesia is of limited value in that a common feature of anterograde amnesia is damage to part of an(More)
Recognition memory relies on two processes: (i) identification and (ii) judgement concerning prior occurrence. A system centred on perirhinal cortex appears to be responsible for judgement of prior occurrence based on discrimination of the familiarity of stimuli or their recency of occurrence; in contrast, a hippocampal system probably supplies information(More)
It is widely believed that long-term depression (LTD) and its counterpart, long-term potentiation (LTP), involve mechanisms that are crucial for learning and memory. However, LTD is difficult to induce in adult cortex for reasons that are not known. Here we show that LTD can be readily induced in adult cortex by the activation of NMDA receptors (NMDARs),(More)
Activity of 2072 neurones was recorded in the anterior temporal lobe--in area TE, perirhinal cortex, entorhinal cortex and hippocampus--during performance of a visual recognition task by monkeys. In area TE, perirhinal cortex and entorhinal cortex, 454 neurones (38% of the 1162 visually responsive neurones) responded differentially on the basis of the(More)
The hallmark of medial temporal lobe amnesia is a loss of episodic memory such that patients fail to remember new events that are set in an autobiographical context (an episode). A further symptom is a loss of recognition memory. The relationship between these two features has recently become contentious. Here, we focus on the central issue in this(More)
This study compares the efficiency and plausibility of published computational models of familiarity discrimination in the perirhinal cortex. Substantial evidence indicates that the perirhinal cortex is involved in both the familiarity discrimination aspect of recognition memory and in perceptual functions involved with representations of complete stimuli(More)
1. We have investigated the prediction of a relationship between the magnitude of activity-dependent increases in postsynaptic calcium and both the magnitude and direction of synaptic plastic change in the central nervous system. 2. Activity-dependent increases in calcium were buffered to differing degrees using a range of concentrations of EGTA and the(More)
Brain regions involved in visual recognition memory, including the hippocampus, have been investigated by measuring differential neuronal activation produced by novel and familiar pictures. Novel and familiar pictures were presented simultaneously, one to each eye, using a paired viewing procedure. Differential neuronal activation was determined using(More)
Recordings of the activity of 2705 single neurones were made in entorhinal and perirhinal cortex, area TG of the temporal lobe, and the inferior temporal cortex both during monkeys' performance of a serial recognition memory task using complex pictures and when monkeys were shown objects. Responses of 120 (9.7%) of the visually responsive neurons recorded(More)
Much evidence indicates that recognition memory involves two separable processes, recollection and familiarity discrimination, with familiarity discrimination being dependent on the perirhinal cortex of the temporal lobe. Here, we describe a new neural network model designed to mimic the response patterns of perirhinal neurons that signal information(More)