Malcolm S. Bryant

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Fish parasites of the Multivalvulida (Myxozoa, Myxosporea) are widespread and can be associated with mortality or poor flesh quality in their commercially important marine hosts. Traditional classifications divide members of this order into families based on spore valve and polar capsule numbers. Analyses of the small-subunit (SSU) ribosomal DNA (rDNA)(More)
The hypothesis that involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke--passive smoking--results in greater risk of cancer was assessed by measuring the levels of two known carcinogens in the blood of 57 nonsmokers with varying degrees of involuntary exposure, including six heavily exposed bartenders. The concentrations of hemoglobin adducts of 4-aminobiphenyl, a(More)
A quantitative method has been developed for the analysis of 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) covalently bound as the sulfinic acid amide to the 93 beta cysteine of human hemoglobin. The method uses mild basic hydrolysis of hemoglobin to release the parent amine, derivatization to form the pentafluoropropionamide, and capillary gas chromatography with detection by(More)
Two unusual myxozoan parasites are described from the somatic muscle of 2 reef fishes from Australia's Great Barrier Reef. Kudoa quadricornis n. sp. from the somatic muscle of Carangoides fulvoguttatus is morphologically consistent with other Kudoa sp., having 4 polar capsules and 4 shell valves. Kudoa quadricornis n. sp. is unique in that it has a pyriform(More)
Three new species of Kudoa, each having 6 polar capsules, are described from the somatic muscle of fishes collected on the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Kudoa grammatorcyni n. sp. was observed in the shark mackerel Grammatorcynus bicarinatus. Spores are stellate in apical view, width (all measurements in microm) 8.62 (8.03-8.95); thickness 8.14(More)
Analysis of carcinogen-DNA adducts has been regarded as a useful means of assessing human exposure to chemical carcinogens. We have established a method for quantitation of 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP)-DNA adducts by alkaline hydrolysis and gas chromatography with negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NICI-MS). Aliquots of DNA (typically 100(More)
In a population-based study in Turin, Italy, smokers of blond tobacco showed 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) adduct levels some three times higher than nonsmoking subjects, and smokers of black tobacco showed levels about five times greater than nonsmokers. A dose-response relationship between the number of cigarettes smoked per day and 4-ABP adduct level was(More)
Members of the genus Crassicauda (Nematoda: Spirurida) are parasites of the body tissues of whales and dolphins. Owing to the large size of worms and difficulties in the recovery of entire nematodes from the tissues of hosts, limited information is available on morphological descriptions of both male and female worms. Furthermore, there are currently no(More)
The hemoglobin adduct of the human bladder carcinogen 4-aminobiphenyl (4ABP-Hb) declined in the blood of 34 smokers enrolled in a withdrawal program, from a mean of 120 +/- 7 (SE) pg/g of hemoglobin at the start to a mean of 82 +/- 6 pg/g after 3 weeks and a mean of 34 +/- 5 pg/g among the 15 exsmokers who had not resumed smoking after 2 months. Although(More)
The feasibility of monitoring doses of 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP) via adduction to hemoglobin was investigated. Rats dosed with ABP (from 0.5 micrograms/kg to 5 mg/kg) formed a stable covalent hemoglobin:ABP adduct. Approximately 5% of a single dose was bound as hemoglobin:ABP; chronic dosing led to an accumulation of the adduct to a level 30 times greater than(More)