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BACKGROUND The Lung Cancer Cetuximab Study is an open-label, randomized phase II pilot study of cisplatin and vinorelbine combined with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted monoclonal antibody cetuximab versus cisplatin and vinorelbine alone, in patients with advanced EGFR-expressing, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). End points of the(More)
SP1049C is a novel anticancer agent containing doxorubicin and two nonionic pluronic block copolymers. In preclinical studies, SP1049C demonstrated increased efficacy compared to doxorubicin. The objectives of this first phase I study were to determine the toxicity profile, dose-limiting toxicity, maximum tolerated dose and pharmacokinetic profile of(More)
We evaluated the pharmacodynamic effects of the O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) inactivator lomeguatrib (LM) on patients with melanoma in two clinical trials. Patients received temozolomide (TMZ) for 5 days either alone or with LM for 5, 10 or 14 days. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated before treatment and during cycle(More)
PURPOSE Treatment efficacy and toxicity are difficult to predict in lymphoma patients. In this study, the utility of circulating biomarkers in predicting and/or monitoring treatment efficacy/toxicity were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS Circulating biomarkers of cell death (nucleosomal DNA (nDNA) and cytokeratin 18 (CK18)), and circulating FLT3 ligand,(More)
Purpose: Bcl-2 is a critical regulator of apoptosis that is overexpressed in the majority of small cell lung cancers (SCLC). Nativoclax (ABT-263) is a potent and selective inhibitor of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x L. The primary objectives of this phase IIa study included safety at the recommended phase II dose and preliminary, exploratory efficacy assessment in(More)
The inhibitor of apoptosis protein, XIAP, is frequently overexpressed in chemoresistant human tumours. An antisense oligonucleotide (AEG 35156/GEM 640) that targets XIAP has recently entered phase I trials in the UK. Method validation data are presented on three pharmacodynamic assays that will be utilised during this trial. Quantitative RT-PCR was based on(More)
Activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been linked to tumour proliferation, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis in epithelial tumours. Inhibitors of the EGFR have emerged as promising anticancer agents and two main approaches have been developed, humanised monoclonal antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors. This review discusses(More)
PURPOSE AZD2014 is a novel, oral, m-TORC 1/2 inhibitor that has shown in vitro and in vivo efficacy across a range of preclinical human cancer models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A rolling six-dose escalation was performed to define an MTD (part A), and at MTD a further cohort of patients was treated to further characterize toxicities and perform pre- and(More)
Subjects with elevated serum estrogen concentrations, such as those who are pregnant or ingesting estrogen-containing contraceptive medication, may develop increased skin pigmentation. As little information is available on the mechanism(s) underlying this relationship, the in vitro effects of estrogens on melanocytes cultured from normal human skin were(More)
To determine the efficacy and tolerability of SPI-77 (sterically stabilised liposomal cisplatin) at three dose levels in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients had Stage IIIB or IV NSCLC and were chemo-naïve, and Eastern Oncology Cooperative Group 0-2. The first cohort received SPI-77 at 100 mg m-2, the second 200 mg m-2 and the(More)