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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The extensive neuroprotective literature describing the efficacy of candidate drugs in focal ischemia has yet to lead to the development of effective stroke treatments. Ideally, the choice of drugs taken forward to clinical trial should be based on an unbiased assessment of all available data. Such an assessment might include not only(More)
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a disabling pain condition resulting from chemotherapy for cancer. Severe acute CIPN may require chemotherapy dose reduction or cessation. There is no effective CIPN prevention strategy; treatment of established chronic CIPN is limited, and the prevalence of CIPN is not known. Here we used a systematic(More)
Correctable weaknesses in the design, conduct, and analysis of biomedical and public health research studies can produce misleading results and waste valuable resources. Small effects can be difficult to distinguish from bias introduced by study design and analyses. An absence of detailed written protocols and poor documentation of research is common.(More)
The US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke convened major stakeholders in June 2012 to discuss how to improve the methodological reporting of animal studies in grant applications and publications. The main workshop recommendation is that at a minimum studies should report on sample-size estimation, whether and how animals were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with ischaemic stroke due to occlusion of the basilar or vertebral arteries may develop a rapid deterioration in neurological status leading to coma and often to death. While intra-arterial thrombolysis may be used in this context, no randomised controlled data exist to support its safety or efficacy. METHODS Randomised controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine concordance between treatment effects in animal experiments and clinical trials. Study design Systematic review. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, SIGLE, NTIS, Science Citation Index, CAB, BIOSIS. STUDY SELECTION Animal studies for interventions with unambiguous evidence of a treatment effect (benefit or harm) in clinical trials: head(More)
FK506 is a candidate drug for acute stroke. For such drugs, any decision to proceed to clinical trial should be based on a full and unbiased assessment of the animal data, and consideration should be given to the limitations of those data. Such an assessment should include not only the efficacy of a drug but also the in vivo characteristics and limits to(More)
The development of stroke drugs has been characterized by success in animal studies and subsequent failure in clinical trials. Animal studies might have overstated efficacy, or clinical trials might have understated efficacy; in either case we need to better understand the reasons for failure. Techniques borrowed from clinical trials have recently allowed(More)
BACKGROUND In other neurological diseases, the failure to translate pre-clinical findings to effective clinical treatments has been partially attributed to bias introduced by shortcomings in the design of animal experiments. OBJECTIVES Here we evaluate published studies of interventions in animal models of multiple sclerosis for methodological design and(More)