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The deep sea, the largest ecosystem on Earth and one of the least studied, harbours high biodiversity and provides a wealth of resources. Although humans have used the oceans for millennia, technological developments now allow exploitation of fisheries resources, hydrocarbons and minerals below 2000 m depth. The remoteness of the deep seafloor has promoted(More)
BACKGROUND Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is considered by some investigators to be predominantly a deafferentation-type central pain syndrome; others suggest that activity of remaining peripheral nociceptors plays a critical role. The authors investigated the sensory dysfunction in subjects with PHN of varying duration and at different sites to gain further(More)
Seamounts shape the topography of all ocean basins and can be hotspots of biological activity in the deep sea. The Census of Marine Life on Seamounts (CenSeam) was a field program that examined seamounts as part of the global Census of Marine Life (CoML) initiative from 2005 to 2010. CenSeam progressed seamount science by collating historical data,(More)
In 2005 the Census of Marine Life launched ''A Global Census of Marine Life on Seamounts'' (CenSeam), an international science project to increase our knowledge of the ecology of seamounts. Specifically, the mission of CenSeam was to determine the role of seamounts in the biogeography, biodiversity, productivity, and evolution of marine organisms, and to(More)
The genetic basis of a number of epilepsy syndromes has been identified but the precise mechanism whereby these mutations produce seizures is unknown. Three mutations of the alpha(4) subunit of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) have been identified in autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy. In vitro studies of two mutations(More)
Studies of deep-sea benthic communities have largely focused on particular (macro) habitats in isolation, with few studies considering multiple habitats simultaneously in a comparable manner. Compared to mega-epifauna and macrofauna, much less is known about habitat-related variation in meiofaunal community attributes (abundance, diversity and community(More)
Genetic connectivity studies can inform the design of mitigation strategies used in environmental management. However, the expense of developing species-specific molecular markers and collecting samples at appropriate spatial and temporal scales can be prohibitive. Using archived material and existing molecular markers may provide a cost-effective way to(More)
A comprehensive study of mega- and macro-invertebrate benthic assemblages was conducted on the northwestern Ross Sea shelf in 2004 in order to examine concurrently the energy-, disturbance-, and habitat heterogeneity-diversity hypotheses, and their relevance for identifying the environmental drivers that structure benthic assemblages in Antarctica. Five(More)
Seamounts in the Ross Sea were surveyed during the New Zealand IPY-CAML research voyage in 2008. Admiralty seamount, and seamounts of the Scott Island Seamount chain (Scott Island, Scott A, Scott B, Scott South) were sampled to examine variability in benthic faunal communities of seamounts. Multivariate analysis of video and still image data showed that(More)