Malcolm M. Q. Xing

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Use of the percutaneous route may avoid some of the undesirable side effects that occur following oral administration in estrogen replacement therapy. At present, knowledge of estradiol transdermal properties relating to delivery of drugs in the skin is lacking. One reason is that in the existing transport models of estradiol, the skin is regarded as a(More)
Nanocoating of a single-cell with biocompatible materials creates a defined microenvironment for cell differentiation and proliferation, as well as a model for studies in cell biology. In addition, the acidic environment in the tissue of stroke victims necessitates drug release upon pH stimuli. Here, we report the encapsulation of single neural stem cells(More)
Nanosilver particles (NSPs), are among the most attractive nanomaterials, and have been widely used in a range of biomedical applications, including diagnosis, treatment, drug delivery, medical device coating, and for personal health care. With the increasing application of NSPs in medical contexts, it is becoming necessary for a better understanding of the(More)
Surface adhesion between nanofibers and nanoparticles has attracted attention for potential biomedical applications, but the measurement has not been reported. Adhesion forces were measured using a polystyrene (PS) nanoparticle attached to an atomic force microscopy (AFM) tip/probe. Electrospun PS nanofibers of different diameters were tapped with the probe(More)
BACKGROUND Topical drug application has been widely used to manage skin diseases as well as to treat a variety of local and systemic disorders. To evaluate the efficiency of transepidermal drug delivery, an efficient model is needed to study the process of percutaneous transport. MODEL DESCRIPTION A stochastic model based on Monte Carlo methods and(More)
We describe the development, validation, and application of a novel PDMS-based microfluidic device for imaging leukocyte interaction with a biological substrate at defined shear force employing a parallel plate geometry that optimizes experimental throughput while decreasing reagent consumption. The device is vacuum bonded above a standard 6-well tissue(More)
This study develops novel pH and reduction dual-sensitive micelles for the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) delivery owing to the fact that the tumor tissues show low pH and high reduction environment. These sub-100 nm micelles present a core-shell structure under physiological conditions, but quickly release the loaded drugs responding to acidic and(More)
This article overviews research in the interdisciplinary area of textile/skin interaction and related cutaneous intolerance. Microclimate in the skin/clothing system and especially the skin responses relates to the moisture and heat transfer within this system and plays a critical role in skin irritation from textiles. A discussion is then given on skin(More)
The purpose of this study was to permit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to reach their full potential in the treatment of chronic wounds. A biocompatible multifunctional crosslinker based temperature sensitive hydrogel was developed to deliver BMSCs, which improve the chronic inflammation microenvironments of wounds. A detailed in vitro(More)
Nanofibrous membranes are highly soft materials with high surface-to-volume ratios, and therefore can serve as excellent carriers for therapeutic agents that are antibacterial or accelerate wound healing. This article overviews research and development of nanofibrous dressing materials for wound care, in addition to a discussion of natural and synthetic(More)