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Secondary xylem (wood) formation is likely to involve some genes expressed rarely or not at all in herbaceous plants. Moreover, environmental and developmental stimuli influence secondary xylem differentiation, producing morphological and chemical changes in wood. To increase our understanding of xylem formation, and to provide material for comparative(More)
The R2R3-MYB proteins comprise one of the largest families of transcription factors in plants. R2R3-MYB family members regulate plant-specific processes, such as the elaboration of specialized cell types, including xylem, guard cells, trichomes, and root hairs, and the biosynthesis of specialized branches of metabolism, including phenylpropanoid(More)
A member of the R2R3-MYB family of transcription factors was cloned from a cDNA library constructed from RNA isolated from differentiating pine xylem. This MYB, Pinus taeda MYB4 (PtMYB4), is expressed in cells undergoing lignification, as revealed by in situ RT-PCR. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) showed that recombinant PtMYB4 protein is able(More)
The amino acid glycine has a well-established role in signalling in the mammalian central nervous system. For example, glycine acts synergistically with the major excitatory neurotransmitter, glutamate, to regulate the influx of ions such as calcium, through N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Plants possess NMDA-like receptors, generically referred to(More)
Overexpression of a pine MYB, PtMYB4, in Arabidopsis caused ectopic lignin deposition and allowed the plants to undergo photomorphogenesis even when they were grown in the dark. The phenotype caused by PtMYB4 overexpression was reminiscent of the previously characterised dark-photomorphogenic mutant, de-etiolated 3 (det3); consequently, we tested the(More)
A cDNA encoding a member of the R2R3-MYB family of transcription factors was cloned from a library constructed from differentiating Pinus taeda (loblolly pine) xylem RNA. This MYB family member, Pinus taeda MYB1 (PtMYB1), was most abundantly expressed in differentiating xylem, as assessed by both ribonuclease protection assays, and by northern blot analysis(More)
We have discovered a mutant loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) in which expression of the gene encoding cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD; EC 1.1.1.195) is severely reduced. The products of CAD, cinnamyl alcohols, are the precursors of lignin, a major cell wall polymer of plant vascular tissues. Lignin composition in this mutant shows dramatic modifications,(More)
The model organism Arabidopsis thaliana is readily used in basic research due to resource availability and relative speed of data acquisition. A major goal is to transfer acquired knowledge from Arabidopsis to crop species. However, the identification of functional equivalents of well-characterized Arabidopsis genes in other plants is a nontrivial task. It(More)
As exposure to episodic drought can impinge significantly on forest health and the establishment of productive tree plantations, there is great interest in understanding the mechanisms of drought response in trees. The ecologically dominant and economically important genus Populus, with its sequenced genome, provides an ideal opportunity to examine(More)
Plants that hyperaccumulate Ni exhibit an exceptional degree of Ni tolerance and the ability to translocate Ni in large amounts from root to shoot. In hyperaccumulator plants in the genus Alyssum, free His is an important Ni binding ligand that increases in the xylem proportionately to root Ni uptake. To determine the molecular basis of the His response and(More)