Malcolm M. Campbell

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The amino acid glycine has a well-established role in signalling in the mammalian central nervous system. For example, glycine acts synergistically with the major excitatory neurotransmitter, glutamate, to regulate the influx of ions such as calcium, through N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Plants possess NMDA-like receptors, generically referred to(More)
Epigenetic variation is likely to contribute to the phenotypic plasticity and adaptative capacity of plant species, and may be especially important for long-lived organisms with complex life cycles, including forest trees. Diverse environmental stresses and hybridization/polyploidization events can create reversible heritable epigenetic marks that can be(More)
Stomata, dynamic pores found on the surfaces of plant leaves, control water loss from the plant and regulate the uptake of CO(2) for photosynthesis. Stomatal aperture is controlled by the two guard cells that surround the stomatal pore. When the two guard cells are fully turgid, the pore gapes open, whereas turgor loss results in stomatal closure. In order(More)
We have discovered a mutant loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) in which expression of the gene encoding cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD; EC 1.1.1.195) is severely reduced. The products of CAD, cinnamyl alcohols, are the precursors of lignin, a major cell wall polymer of plant vascular tissues. Lignin composition in this mutant shows dramatic modifications,(More)
Experiments were undertaken to investigate some of the mechanisms that may function to regulate lignin biosynthesis (lignification) in Arabidopsis thaliana. Northern blot analyses revealed that several genes encoding enzymes involved in the synthesis of lignin monomers displayed significant changes in transcript abundance over a diurnal cycle. Northern blot(More)
Much is known about the physiological control of stomatal aperture as a means by which plants adjust to water availability. By contrast, the role played by the modulation of stomatal development to limit water loss has received much less attention. The control of stomatal development in response to water deprivation in the genus Populus is explored here.(More)
Despite the prominent roles played by R2R3-MYB transcription factors in the regulation of plant gene expression, little is known about the details of how these proteins interact with their DNA targets. For example, while Arabidopsis thaliana R2R3-MYB protein AtMYB61 is known to alter transcript abundance of a specific set of target genes, little is known(More)
Drought has a major impact on tree growth and survival. Understanding tree responses to this stress can have important application in both conservation of forest health, and in production forestry. Trees of the genus Populus provide an excellent opportunity to explore the mechanistic underpinnings of forest tree drought responses, given the growing(More)
Methylation has frequently been implicated in gender determination in plants. The recent discovery of the sex determining region (SDR) of balsam poplar, Populus balsamifera, pinpointed 13 genes with differentiated X and Y copies. We tested these genes for differential methylation using whole methylome sequencing of xylem tissue of multiple individuals grown(More)
The relationship between intra-specific variation in the Populus transcriptome, stomatal development, and the metabolome in response to drought Drought is one of the most significant factors limiting tree growth. Trees in the genus Populus are particularly noted for their drought sensitivity; therefore, understanding the mechanisms by which these(More)