Malcolm Kadodwala

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The spectroscopic analysis of large biomolecules is important in applications such as biomedical diagnostics and pathogen detection, and spectroscopic techniques can detect such molecules at the nanogram level or lower. However, spectroscopic techniques have not been able to probe the structure of large biomolecules with similar levels of sensitivity. Here,(More)
Optical spectroscopic methods do not routinely provide information on higher order hierarchical structure (tertiary/quaternary) of biological macromolecules and assemblies. This necessitates the use of time-consuming and material intensive techniques, such as protein crystallography, NMR, and electron microscopy. Here we demonstrate a spectroscopic(More)
Using a modal matching theory, we demonstrate the generation of short-range, chiral electromagnetic fields via the excitation of arrays of staggered nanoslits that are chiral in two dimensions. The electromagnetic near fields, which exhibit a chiral density greater than that of circularly polarized light, can enhance the chiroptical interactions in the(More)
We report a new approach for creating chiral plasmonic nanomaterials. A previously unconsidered, far-field mechanism is utilized which enables chirality to be conveyed from a surrounding chiral molecular material to a plasmonic resonance of an achiral metallic nanostructure. Our observations break a currently held preconception that optical properties of(More)
Development of low-cost disposable plasmonic substrates is vital for the applicability of plasmonic sensing. Such devices can be made using injection-molded templates to create plasmonic films. The elements of these plasmonic films are hybrid nanostructures composed of inverse and solid structures. Tuning the modal coupling between the two allows(More)
Optimal performance of nanophotonic devices, including sensors and solar cells, requires maximizing the interaction between light and matter. This efficiency is optimized when active moieties are localized in areas where electromagnetic (EM) fields are confined. Confinement of matter in these 'hotspots' has previously been accomplished through inefficient(More)
We demonstrate that engineered artificial gold chiral nanostructures display significant levels of non-linear optical activity even without plasmonic enhancement. Our work suggests that although plasmonic excitation enhances the intensity of second harmonic emission it is not a prerequisite for significant non-linear (second harmonic) optical activity. It(More)
Through the application of optically active second-harmonic generation measurements (OA-SHG) we have demonstrated that the adsorption of amino acids cysteine (HSCH(2)CHNH(2)COOH) and penicillamine (HSC(CH3)(2)CHNH(2)COOH) from solution can induce chiral electronic states in an initially achiral polycrystalline Au film. The chiral induction is strongly(More)
The refractive index sensitivity of plasmonic fields has been exploited for over 20 years in analytical technologies. While this sensitivity can be used to achieve attomole detection levels, they are in essence binary measurements that sense the presence/absence of a predetermined analyte. Using plasmonic fields, not to sense effective refractive indices(More)