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BACKGROUND Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, partly owing to dyslipidaemia, which can be amenable to fibrate therapy. We designed the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study to assess the effect of fenofibrate on cardiovascular disease events in these patients. METHODS We(More)
The first methods for the measurement of creatinine in serum and plasma were published over a century ago. Today, the Jaffe reaction using alkaline picrate remains the cornerstone of most current routine methods, after continuous refinements attempting to overcome inherent analytical interferences and limitations. With the recent introduction of the(More)
The activity of phytanic acid oxidase is low in infantile and adult Refsum's disease, and in the cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger's) syndrome. The plasma of patients with the infantile but not the adult form of Refsum's disease contains increased amounts of pipecolic acid and of at least two abnormal bile acids, one of which has been identified as 3 alpha, 7(More)
Fenofibrate caused an acute, sustained plasma creatinine increase in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) and Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) studies. We assessed fenofibrate’s renal effects overall and in a FIELD washout sub-study. Type 2 diabetic patients (n = 9,795) aged 50 to 75 years were(More)
We investigated effects of renal function and albuminuria on cardiovascular outcomes in 9,795 low-risk patients with diabetes in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study. Baseline and year 2 renal status were examined in relation to clinical and biochemical characteristics. Outcomes included total cardiovascular disease(More)
Bilirubin has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Previous studies demonstrated that higher bilirubin levels were associated with reduced prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, the relationship between bilirubin and lower-limb amputation, a consequence of PAD, is currently unknown. We hypothesised that, in patients with type 2(More)
PURPOSE Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) are the dimethylated isomeric derivatives of the amino acid L-arginine. ADMA is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), while SDMA is a competitive inhibitor of cellular uptake of L-arginine, the substrate for NOS. As such, these metabolites are associated with(More)
High performance gel chromatography (HPGC) was used to separate lipoproteins on the basis of their size and to generate lipoprotein profiles for plasma collected from patients with different lipoprotein phenotypes. These profiles provided a direct measurement of low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol which was more precise than LDL-cholesterol values(More)