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The mechanism by which chronic caregiving stress results in poor health is not well understood. The objective was to determine whether such a mechanism may be allostatic load, a novel concept specifying physiological systems that may suffer cumulative wear and tear following chronic stress, leading collectively to poor health. The study examines the(More)
A new instrument for the measurement of life-style activities of the elderly is described. The Adelaide Activities Profile (AAP) was developed in response to the shortcomings of the Frenchay Activities Index. The AAP was validated on a random sample of 1799 people aged 70 years and over, living outside of institutional care. Principal components factor(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the responsiveness of the Intermittent and Constant Osteoarthritis Pain (ICOAP) measure, Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Physical Function Short Form (HOOS-PS), and the Knee Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Physical Function Short Form (KOOS-PS) in a pharmacological trial. METHODS Data were obtained from a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relation of symptoms and pain provocation tests to abnormal piriformis morphology among people with chronic buttock pain. DESIGN Each of 2 clinical symptoms and 2 clinical signs were compared with the abnormal morphology found on ultrasound. The pain-free side was used as an internal control. SETTING A tertiary referral(More)
BACKGROUND A genetic component is thought to contribute to 30-40% of the expression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with the HLA-DR4, w4 (B1*0401), w14 (B1*0404) genes (and associated shared rheumatoid epitope) constituting a substantial portion of this risk. AIM Our objective was to determine the presence of these risk factors in a group of patients with RA(More)
A double-blind trial was carried out to determine the sensitivity and specificity of three commonly used pain provocation tests for sacroiliac joint dysfunction. The trial involved 40 patients, all of whom reported pain when they were subjected to each of the three tests. Half of the patients (20) had the symptomatic sacroiliac joint injected with 4 ml of(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct separate factor analyses of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ-R, TFEQ-D and TFEQ-H) scales and provide initial evidence of the construct validity of the obtained solutions. DESIGN A cross-sectional survey with a 12 month retest of a subsample of subjects. SUBJECTS A total of 553 undergraduate university women with a mean(More)
The aim of this study was to identify differences in the medical management and clinical outcome in a group of elderly patients admitted to a designated geriatric assessment unit (GAU) or to two general medical units (GMUs). A prospective randomised controlled trial was undertaken in 267 patients aged 70 years and over (mean age = 78.3 years). Following(More)
The primary aim was to explore the factor structure of the Illness Behaviour Questionnaire (IBQ) and the generalisability of the derived dimensions to both general community members and four chronic illness groups. A questionnaire was administered to 675 participants, comprising 344 from the community, 80 with asthma, 95 with diabetes, 79 with chronic pain(More)
The behavioural aspects of somatic symptom disorders have received minimal research attention to date. The first section of this paper identifies key theoretical perspectives relevant to behavioural responses to illness. Specifically, the sociological concept of illness behaviour is offered as a general framework in which to consider the range of(More)