Malcolm H. Skolnick

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This study evaluated the effects in rats of very low amplitude (10 mu amp) charge-balanced 10-Hz stimulation delivered bilaterally to low impedance points on the outer ear. This microelectrostimulation markedly and significantly reduced the number of opiate abstinence signs observed following a week of continuous morphine infusion. This effect was prevented(More)
The experiments described here were intended to investigate whether serotonin (5HT) may be involved in analgesia induced by low current transcranial electrostimulation (TE). The TE stimulus is a 10 mu-ampere, 10 Hz, pulsed current transmitted via electrodes in the pinnae. Combinations of the following were given as intraperitoneal injections: 300 mg/kg(More)
This study investigated the nocieceptive responses of single neurons within the nucleus parafascicularis (PF) thalami of the rat following two modes of electrical stimulation known to induce analgesia. It was found that both focal electrical dorsal raphe stimulation (DRS) and bilateral pinnal (ear) electrical stimulation (PES) converge on the same PF(More)
The analgesic effects of very low current transcranial electrostimulation are naloxone-reversible and thus presumably mediated by endogenous opioid activity. The present experiments indicate that blocking enkephalinase activity by i.c.v. thiorphan or i.p. acetorphan results in an increased analgesic effect of electrostimulation as measured by the 50 degrees(More)
Spontaneous discharges and nociceptive responses of 47 parafascicularis thalami (PF) neurons were recorded extracellularly and comparisons were made between the effects of these discharges following focal dorsal raphe stimulation (DRS) and bilateral pinnal electrical stimulation (PES). Eighty-three percent of PF neurons (N = 39) responded to noxious(More)
A specific form of Transcranial Electrostimulation Treatment (TCET) has been shown to induce analgesia, alleviate symptoms of opiate withdrawal and alter nociceptive responses in neurons in the midbrain and hypothalamus of rats. TCET consists of a 10Hz, charge balanced, 10 mu A current passed for 30 minutes between electrodes placed in the ears. Both(More)
A technique has been developed to analyze automatically 35 mm left ventricular cine angiograms with an image dissector and digital computer. The analysis procedure detected the ventricular boundary and aortic valve position, then calculated the projected left ventricular area and estimated volume, and performed a polar wall motion analysis as a function of(More)
Pulsed low current transcranial electrostimulation (TE) has been shown to induce analgesia in rats as measured by the wet tail flick test. This study investigates the effect of varying stimulus frequency, pulse width, charge balance and polarity, as well as the influence of electrode placement and time of day at which stimulus occurred. A biphasic, charge(More)
Extracellular recording techniques were used to investigate the effects of focal brain stimulation and external electrical stimulation on spontaneous activity and on noxious evoked responses in the habenular nucleus of anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats. Two hundred and forty-one habenular neurons were tested to noxious and non-noxious stimuli. The habenular(More)