Malcolm Graham

Learn More
Facial paralysis can result in serious keratopathy because of corneal exposure and inadequate lacrimation. Thirty-seven patients underwent thirty-eight gold weight upper lid implants to rehabilitate paralysis of the eyelid from various causes. When indicated, implantation was combined with lower lid ectropion repair, medial canthoplasty or brow lift.(More)
Intraoperative facial nerve monitoring provides a potentially useful adjunct to recent surgical advances in neurotology and neurosurgery. These measures further aid the surgeon in preserving facial nerve function by enhancing visual identification with electrical monitoring of mechanically evoked facial muscle activation. Facial nerve monitoring in(More)
Hemangiomas involving the posterior bony external auditory canal and adjacent tympanic membrane, although rare, do appear to be a specific disease entity of the human external auditory canal. To date it has been reported in two males in their sixth decade of life. This third case in the world literature, which is reported here, appears to confirm the(More)
Extracanalicular osteomas of the temporal bone are rare neoplasms. Eight new cases are reported and a review of the literature is presented. These tumors are benign, slow growing, and composed predominantly of mature bone. Although they may occur anywhere in the temporal bone, they are prevalent in the mastoid and squama. Except for cortical lesions that(More)
Preservation of the facial nerve during acoustic neuroma resection may be enhanced by the use of intraoperative electrical stimulation. Although stimulation of the extratemporal facial nerve is an effective and established procedure, anatomic differences of the intradural facial nerve and its microenvironment demand more exacting stimulus protocols. The(More)
A technique for single stage total en bloc resection of the temporal bone and intratemporal carotid artery with immediate reconstruction has been described. This formidable procedure requires the collaborative efforts of neurotologic skull base surgeons, neurosurgeons, and head and neck surgeons. Two patients have undergone this procedure; one with squamous(More)
Nineteen cases of temporal bone brain herniation and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks in 17 adult patients since 1987 are reviewed. Of these 19 cases, 11 were spontaneous CSF leaks, 6 were related to chronic otitis media, and 2 were posttraumatic. Among the 10 women and 7 men, the average age was 51.2 years, with average follow-up time of 2 years, 7 months.(More)
Auditory brainstem response testing has been a major breakthrough in audiologic screening for acoustic neuroma because of its high degree of sensitivity. Although it is not uncommon for other cerebellopontine angle masses to present with normal ABR findings, reports of eighth nerve tumors with false-negative auditory brainstem response tests are quite rare.(More)