Malcolm G. Howard

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We tested the hypothesis that a single bout of dynamic exercise reduces post-exercise arterial pressure, heart rate, and renal sympathetic nerve activity and attenuates the arterial baroreflex control of heart rate and renal sympathetic nerve activity in normotensive New Zealand White rabbits. Animals were chronically instrumented with right jugular venous(More)
We measured agonist-induced changes in the iliac artery blood flow velocity (IFV) independent of baroreflex-mediated compensatory mechanisms in chronically instrumented New Zealand White rabbits (n = 8). Animals were instrumented with a Doppler flow probe around the right common iliac artery. A Teflon catheter was inserted into the right iliolumbar artery(More)
Factors associated with a single bout of dynamic exercise (increased circulating catecholamines, increased body temperature, and decreased pH) are known to attenuate the vascular response to alpha-adrenergic receptor activation. Therefore, we postulate that an acute bout of dynamic exercise may decrease the vascular response to catecholamines. To test this(More)
The start point of spoIIA transcription was defined by primer extension analysis with two separate primers. It was 27 bases upstream from the putative translation initiation codon of the first open reading frame in the spoIIA locus. A region extending at least 52 bases upstream from the transcription start site was necessary for transcription, as determined(More)
Social buffering is characterized by attenuation of stress in the presence of others, with supportive individuals providing superior buffering. We were interested in learning if the implied presence of a supportive entity, God, would reduce acute stress. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: prayer, encouraging self-talk, and(More)
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