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The study of voiding in men and women has been handicapped by the lack of a normal reference range covering urinary flow rates over a wide range of voided volumes. Normal volunteers (331 males and 249 females) were studied. Each voided once into a calibrated Dantec Urodyn 1000 mictiograph. On a second occasion 282 men and 46 women voided. The maximum and(More)
Two hundred and fifty consecutive women referred because of symptoms of lower urinary tract dysfunction underwent a full clinical and urodynamic assessment. Their urine flow rates and residual urine volumes were analyzed. The urine flow rates of the urogynecology patients were found to be significantly less than those of an asymptomatic population. There(More)
To compare the safety and efficacy of the transobturator tape (Monarc®) with the retropubic tape (tension-free vaginal tape, TVT®) for the treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) a prospective, single-blinded, multi-centre randomised clinical controlled trial was undertaken in four urogynaecology units in Australia. One hundred and eighty-seven(More)
Two potential sources of error in the measurement of residual urine volumes in women were quantified. These were (i) whether a diuresis is operating at the time of measurement, and (ii) the time between voiding and residual urine volume collection. A regime is suggested for the accurate measurement of residual urine in women by urethral catheterisation.
Interstitial cystitis is rarely considered as a cause of urinary symptoms in referrals to gynaecology clinics. Recent concepts in the diagnosis of this condition mean that it is emerging as a much more common entity, with both early and late forms of the disease being described. Mast cell density in the detrusor muscle has been reported to be useful as a(More)
The effectiveness of different types of urinary catheters in completely draining the bladder has not been tested. Transvaginal ultrasound, which is able to measure bladder volumes in women from 2 to 175 ml, provides a means of measuring any fluid volume remaining in the bladder following catheter drainage. Using transvaginal ultrasound, the(More)
PURPOSE We examined bladder biopsies from women with interstitial cystitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (IC/CPPS) for the presence of bacterial and viral DNA sequences using polymerase chain reaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bladder biopsies were taken during cystoscopy from patients under investigation for IC/CPPS, or controls undergoing colposuspension(More)
Transvaginal linear array ultrasound is described as a method of measuring bladder volumes in the range 2 to 175 ml, overcoming the limitations of abdominal ultrasound at these smaller (though clinically important) volumes. The mean error over the range 10 to 175 ml was 23%. Statistical analysis of preliminary data obtained by this technique shows that(More)
PURPOSE The tension-free vaginal tape procedure is an increasingly popular choice for treating female urinary stress incontinence. This ongoing, prospective, open label study presents the results of tension-free vaginal tape surgery at 1 year in women who have previously undergone unsuccessful stress incontinence surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether two percent lignocaine gel can reduce the perception of pain during Vabra endometrial aspiration. DESIGN Randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. SETTING Women's Health Directorate, Warrington Hospital NHS Trust. POPULATION Women were referred to the endometrial sampling clinic for the investigation of pre and(More)