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We describe a brownian dynamics simulation method that allows investigation of the effects of receptor flexibility on ligand binding rates. The method is applied to the encounter of substrate, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, with triose phosphate isomerase, a diffusion-controlled enzyme with flexible peptide loops at its active sites. The simulations show that(More)
The N-terminal domain of the phage lambda repressor binds as a dimer to its palindromic DNA operator sequence. In addition to a helix-turn-helix DNA recognition motif, the first six amino acids of the phage lambda repressor form a flexible peptide segment which wraps around DNA. Site-directed mutagenesis studies have shown that amino acid replacements or(More)
Atomic-level molecular dynamics simulations of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) bilayers containing small, amphiphilic, drug-like molecules were carried out to examine the influence of polar functionality on membrane partitioning and transport. Three related molecules (tyramine, phenethylamine, and 4-ethylphenol) were chosen to allow a(More)
Molecular interactions and orientations responsible for differences in 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) bilayer partitioning of three structurally related drug-like molecules (4-ethylphenol, phenethylamine, and tyramine) were investigated. This work is based on previously reported molecular dynamics (MD) simulations that determined their(More)
The enzyme triose phosphate isomerase has flexible peptide loops at its active sites. The loops close over these sites upon substrate binding, suggesting that the dynamics of the loops could be of mechanistic and kinetic importance. To investigate these issues, the loop motions in the dimeric enzyme were simulated by Brownian dynamics. The two loops, one on(More)
A theoretical study of the ion atmosphere contribution to the binding free energy of the lambda repressor-operator complex is presented. The finite-difference form of the Poisson-Boltzmann equation was solved to calculate the electrostatic interaction energy of the amino-terminal domain of the lambda repressor with a 9 or 45 base pair oligonucleotide.(More)
The method of conserved core substructure matching (CSM) for the overlay of protein-ligand complexes is described. The method relies upon distance geometry to align structurally similar substructures without regard to sequence similarity onto substructures from a reference protein empirically selected to include key determinants of binding site location and(More)