Malcolm Cochran

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An examination of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus DNA revealed the presence of five interspersed regions, rich in EcoRI restriction sites, which shared homologous sequences. These homologous regions (hr), designated hr(1) to hr(5), occur at or near the following EcoRI fragment junctions: hr(1)EcoRI-B-EcoRI-I (0.0 map units); hr(2),(More)
Cytoplasmic poly(A)(+) RNA isolated from Spodoptera frugiperda cells late after infection with Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (30-40 hr pi) was fractionated according to size on denaturing methyl mercury gels. Two major RNA species (1.4 kb and 0.75 kb) and several minor RNA species were detected by ethidium bromide staining. The(More)
A restriction fragment library containing Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcNPV) DNA was constructed by using the pBR322 plasmid as a vector. The library, which is representative of more than 95% of the viral genome, consists of 2 of the 7 BamHI fragments, 12 of the 24 HindIII fragments, and 23 of the 24 EcoRI fragments. The cloned(More)
A vaccinia virus gene that is expressed throughout the reproductive cycle was found to have two sets of RNA start sites approximately 55 nucleotides apart. The site nearest to the coding segment is used early in infection and the one further upstream is used after DNA replication. A series of 5' to 3' deletions were made in the promoter region, and the(More)
In order to test the feasibility of baculovirus (Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus, AcNPV) expression vectors for making immunogens against dengue-1 (DEN-1) virus, a portion of the envelope (E) glycoprotein gene of DEN-1 virus was cloned and expressed. The recombinant baculovirus contains 107 nucleotides from the 3' terminus of the DEN-1(More)
Twenty-two virion polypeptides (VP) were detected reproducibly when the occluded form (OV) of [35S]methionine-labeled Ac-NPV, purified from polyhedral inclusion bodies (PIB), was analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography. Ten of the VPs and the polyhedral protein (PP) were phosphorylated and 6 VPs were glycoproteins. Purified,(More)
A recombinant Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite (CS) antigen (rPfCSA) was produced in insect cells using a baculovirus expression vector containing the entire CS gene. This near full-length CS antigen was adsorbed onto aluminium phosphate for use as a malaria vaccine. In a study of safety and immunogenicity, 20 volunteers were divided into four groups(More)
Genes coding for the E and NS1 glycoproteins of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) were cloned into baculovirus expression vectors. The recombinant baculoviruses obtained were used to infect Spodoptera frugiperda cells. The infected cells were used to immunize C57/B mice, which were then challenged with live JEV. Survival was increased from about 30% in(More)
Interleukin (IL) 11 is a recently described lymphokine which, like IL-6, stimulates normal hematopoietic murine and human hematopoietic progenitor cells and therefore has potential value for either enhancing hematopoiesis in disease states or augmenting hematopoietic recovery after myeloablative therapies. Since IL-6 is known to promote the growth of human(More)
A transient expression system in which chimeric genes are expressed in cells infected with vaccinia virus was developed. Recombinant plasmids containing the promoter regions of vaccinia virus genes ligated to the coding segment of the prokaryotic chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene were constructed. When the plasmids were introduced into vaccinia(More)