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BACKGROUND Families living with chronic or long-term conditions such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), stages 3-5, face multiple challenges and respond to these challenges in various ways. Some families adapt well while others struggle, and family response to a condition is closely related to outcome. With families and professionals, we developed a novel(More)
This article concerns a parent-report repeat questionnaire to evaluate the quality of multiprofessional early intervention following early identification of deafness. It discusses the rationale for the design of the instrument, its theoretical underpinnings, its psychometric properties, and its usability. Results for the validity and reliability of the(More)
Atheroma formation involves the movement of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) into the subendothelial space. The aim of this study was to determine the involvement of PI3K and MAPK pathways and the importance of cross-talk between these pathways, in glucose-potentiated VSMC chemotaxis to serum factors. VSMC chemotaxis occurred in a serum gradient in 25(More)
Double-blind controlled trial of oral clodronate in patients with bone metastases from breast cancer.son MT. Long-term follow-up of a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised trial of clodronate in multiple myeloma. A. Using bisphosphonates to control the pain of bone metastases: evidence-based guidelines for pallia-tive care. Palliat Med(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare traditional hospital follow-up with telephone follow-up by specialist nurses after treatment for breast cancer. DESIGN A two centre randomised equivalence trial in which women remained in the study for a mean of 24 months. SETTING Outpatient clinics in two NHS hospital trusts in the north west of England PARTICIPANTS 374 women(More)
Relative to crop plants, the domestication of forest trees is still in its infancy. For example, the domestication of many crop plants was initiated some 10,000 years ago in the so-called 'Fertile Crescent' of the Middle East. By contrast, the domestication of forest trees for the purposes of producing more fibre began in earnest in the last half century.(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of physical chronic or long-term conditions in adolescents aged 10-24 years is rising. Mobile phone and tablet mobile technologies featuring software program apps are widely used by these adolescents and their healthy peers for social networking or gaming. Apps are also used in health care to support personal condition management(More)
BACKGROUND Studies largely from the market research field suggest that the inclusion of a stamped addressed envelope, rather than a pre-paid business reply, increases the response rate to mail surveys. The evidence that this is also the case regarding patient mail surveys is limited. METHODS The aim of this study is to investigate whether stamped(More)
OBJECTIVE The prognostic value of a burst suppression pattern (BSP) on the electroencephalograph (EEG) in the prediction of long-term outcome for full term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is well established. The purpose of our study was to compare the patterns of burst suppression on EEG with long-term neurological outcome in term(More)
The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS). The 3(More)