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L-Rhamnose (L-Rha) is a component of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) core, several O antigen polysaccharides, and the cell surface surfactant rhamnolipid of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In this study, four contiguous genes (rmlBDAC) responsible for the synthesis of dTDP-L-Rha in P. aeruginosa have been cloned and characterized. Non-polar chromosomal rmlC mutants(More)
Most field isolates of the swine pathogen Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae form tenacious biofilms on abiotic surfaces in vitro. We purified matrix polysaccharides from biofilms produced by A. pleuropneumoniae field isolates IA1 and IA5 (serotypes 1 and 5, respectively), and determined their chemical structures by using NMR spectroscopy. Both strains(More)
Flavobacteria are a poorly understood and speciated group of commensal bacteria and opportunistic pathogens. The psychrotroph Flavobacterium psychrophilum is the etiological agent of rainbow trout fry syndrome and bacterial cold water disease, septicemic diseases that heavily impact salmonids. Consequently, two verified but geographically diverse isolates(More)
A serologically typical strain of Burkholderia pseudomallei (strain 304b) was found to produce two S-type lipopolysaccharides (LPS) differing in the chemical structures of their O-polysaccharide (O-PS) components. Structural analysis revealed that one O-antigenic polysaccharide (O-PS I) is an unbranched high-molecular-weight polymer of 1,3-linked(More)
During O antigen lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis in bacteria, transmembrane migration of undecaprenylpyrophosphate (Und-P-P)-bound O antigen subunits occurs before their polymerization and ligation to the rest of the LPS molecule. Despite the general nature of the translocation process, putative O-antigen translocases display a low level of amino acid(More)
The waaY, waaQ, and waaP genes are located in the central operon of the waa (formerly rfa) locus on the chromosome of Escherichia coli. This locus contains genes whose products are involved in the assembly of the core region of the lipopolysaccharide molecule. In the R1 core prototype strain, E. coli F470, there are nine genes in this operon, and all but(More)
Deamination of LPSs from Klebsiella pneumoniae released O-chain polysaccharides together with a fragment of the core oligosaccharide. The structures of the products from serotypes O1, O2a, O2a,c, O3, O4, O5, and O12 were determined by NMR spectroscopy and chemical methods, identifying the linkage region between the O antigens and the core as well as novel(More)
Flavobacterium psychrophilum, a Gram-negative bacterium, is the etiological agent of rainbow trout fry syndrome and bacterial cold water disease, septicemic infections in reared salmonids. In humans Flavobacterium spp. have been associated with neonatal meningitis and septicemia, catheter-associated bacteremia, and pneumonia. Recently, several F.(More)
The phenol-phase soluble lipopolysaccharide isolated from Escherichia coli 0:157 by the hot phenol-water extraction procedure was shown by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, periodate oxidation, methylation, and 13C and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance studies to be an unbranched linear polysaccharide with a tetrasaccharide repeating(More)
Liopolysaccharides were prepared from six organisms by the use of two cell-disruption procedures before conventional phenol-water extraction. Disruption of cells by grinding with glass beads or by digestion with hen egg white lysozyme before phenol extraction facilitated rapid purification and greater yields of lipopolysaccharide. Pretreatment of cells with(More)