Learn More
The TGF-beta family of growth factors has been extensively studied and found to play major roles in bone physiology and disease. A novel, TGF-beta-inducible early gene (TIEG) in normal human fetal osteoblasts (hFOB) has been identified using differential-display PCR. Using this differentially expressed cDNA fragment of TIEG to screen a hOB cDNA library, a(More)
BACKGROUND Calcific aortic valve disease is the most common indication for surgical valve replacement in the United States. The cellular mechanisms of valve calcification are not well understood. We have previously shown that cellular proliferation and osteoblastogenesis are important in the development of valvular heart disease. Lrp5, a known low-density(More)
The role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) in breast cancer has been studied extensively, and its protein expression is prognostic and a primary determinant of endocrine sensitivity. However, much less is known about the role of ERβ and its relevance remains unclear due to the publication of conflicting reports. Here, we provide evidence that much of this(More)
BACKGROUND Calcific aortic stenosis is the third most common cardiovascular disease in the United States. We hypothesized that the mechanism for aortic valve calcification is similar to skeletal bone formation and that this process is mediated by an osteoblast-like phenotype. METHODS AND RESULTS To test this hypothesis, we examined calcified human aortic(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling in naive T cells induces expression of the transcription factor Foxp3, a 'master' regulator of regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells). However, the molecular mechanisms leading to Foxp3 induction remain unclear. Here we show that Itch-/- T cells were resistant to TGF-beta treatment and had less Foxp3(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the common occurrence of aortic stenosis, the cellular causes of the disorder are unknown, in part because of the absence of experimental models. We hypothesized that atherosclerosis and early bone matrix expression in the aortic valve occurs secondary to experimental hypercholesterolemia and that treatment with atorvastatin modifies this(More)
This laboratory has previously identified a novel TGF-beta inducible early gene (TIEG) in human osteoblasts [Subramaniam et al. (1995): Nucleic Acids Res 23:4907-4912]. Using TIEG specific polyclonal antibody and immunoprecipitation methods in normal human fetal osteoblast cells (hFOB cells), we have now demonstrated that TIEG encodes a 72-kDa protein whose(More)
Select members of the TGF-beta family of cytokines play key regulatory roles in skeletal development, structure, and turnover. This laboratory has previously reported that TGF-beta treatment of immortalized normal human fetal osteoblast (hFOB) cells results in the rapid induction of the mRNA levels of a TGF-beta inducible early gene (TIEG) followed by(More)
TGFbeta inducible early gene (TIEG) is a novel Krüppel-like transcriptional repressor that was recently shown to increase the activity of the TGFbeta/Smad signal transduction pathway by relieving negative feedback through repression of the inhibitory Smad7. Interestingly, while Smad7 is required for maximal enhancement of TGFbeta/Smad signaling, we observe(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta)-inducible early gene-1 (TIEG1) is a Krüppel-like transcription factor that is rapidly induced upon TGFbeta treatment. TIEG1 promotes TGFbeta/Smad signaling by down-regulating negative feedback through the inhibitory Smad7. In this report, we describe the identification of an E3 ubiquitin ligase, Seven in Absentia(More)