Malayannan Subramaniam

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The TGF-beta family of growth factors has been extensively studied and found to play major roles in bone physiology and disease. A novel, TGF-beta-inducible early gene (TIEG) in normal human fetal osteoblasts (hFOB) has been identified using differential-display PCR. Using this differentially expressed cDNA fragment of TIEG to screen a hOB cDNA library, a(More)
BACKGROUND Calcific aortic stenosis is the third most common cardiovascular disease in the United States. We hypothesized that the mechanism for aortic valve calcification is similar to skeletal bone formation and that this process is mediated by an osteoblast-like phenotype. METHODS AND RESULTS To test this hypothesis, we examined calcified human aortic(More)
Tamoxifen has been the most important therapeutic agent for the treatment of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer for the past three decades. Tamoxifen is extensively metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes, and recent in vivo studies have shown that women with genetically impaired cytochrome P450 2D6 have reduced production of endoxifen and a(More)
The discoveries that sex steroid receptors for estrogen [estrogen receptor (ER)], androgen [androgen receptor (AR)], and progesterone [progesterone receptor (PR)] are present in the bone-forming osteoblasts (OB) and bone-resorbing osteoclasts (OCL), and that these cells are targets for sex steroid action, have generated much excitement in the field of bone(More)
Members of the TGFbeta family of peptides exert antiproliferative effects and induce apoptosis in epithelial cell populations. In the exocrine pancreas, these peptides not only regulate normal cell growth, but alterations in these pathways have been associated with neoplastic transformation. Therefore, the identification of molecules that regulate exocrine(More)
This laboratory has previously identified a novel TGF-beta inducible early gene (TIEG) in human osteoblasts [Subramaniam et al. (1995): Nucleic Acids Res 23:4907-4912]. Using TIEG specific polyclonal antibody and immunoprecipitation methods in normal human fetal osteoblast cells (hFOB cells), we have now demonstrated that TIEG encodes a 72-kDa protein whose(More)
TGFbeta inducible early gene (TIEG) encodes a three zinc-finger Krüppel-like transcription factor whose overexpression has been shown to mimic the effects of TGFbeta in human osteosarcoma and pancreatic carcinoma cells. In order to investigate a potential role of TIEG in the TGFbeta signal transduction pathway, we studied its impact on a Smad binding(More)
OBJECTIVE To study in a rabbit model the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in association with the development of calcification of the aortic valve, and to assess the effects of atorvastatin on eNOS expression, nitrite concentration, and aortic valve calcification. METHODS Rabbits (n = 48) were treated for three months: 16, forming a(More)
Bisphosphonates are widely used clinically to treat bone diseases in which bone resorption is in excess. However, the mechanism of bisphosphonate action on bone is not fully understood. Studies of direct action of bisphosphonates on bone have been limited mainly to their effects on bone-resorbing osteoclast cells, with implications that some activity may be(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling in naive T cells induces expression of the transcription factor Foxp3, a 'master' regulator of regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells). However, the molecular mechanisms leading to Foxp3 induction remain unclear. Here we show that Itch-/- T cells were resistant to TGF-beta treatment and had less Foxp3(More)