Malaya Bhattacharya-Chatterjee

Learn More
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a tumor-associated antigen expressed on most gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas and is a putative target for cancer immunotherapy. We developed a murine monoclonal anti-idiotype (anti-Id) antibody, 3H1, which mimics a specific epitope of CEA, for cancer immunotherapy. In this study, the efficacy of 3H1 as a tumor vaccine was(More)
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is expressed in a wide variety of adenocarcinomas, and it is well recognized that cancer patients are immunologically "tolerant" to CEA. The purpose of this study was to determine whether we could break immune tolerance to CEA by vaccinating patients with a monoclonal anti-idiotype antibody that is the internal image of CEA(More)
Carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract are not curable by standard therapies. Thus, new therapeutic approaches for this disease are needed. This study proposes the use of anti-Id mAb as Ag substitutes to induce anti-tumor immunity in gastrointestinal cancer patients. Recently, we have generated and characterized one monoclonal anti-Id antibody, designated(More)
The use of anti-idiotype (Id) antibodies as vaccines to stimulate antitumour immunity is one of several promising immunologic approaches to the therapy of cancer. Extensive studies in animal tumour models have demonstrated the efficacy of anti-Id vaccines in preventing tumour growth and curing mice with established tumours. A number of monoclonal anti-Id(More)
For the therapy of cancer patients whose disease is positive for Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA), we developed an active specific immunotherapy based on the idiotypic network. The anti-idiotype monoclonal antibody (mAb), 3H1 was generated by immunization of mice with the anti-CEA mAb, 8019. 3H1 mimics CEA both functionally and structurally and acts as a(More)
We have generated an IgG1 murine monoclonal anti-idiotype antibody (Ab2) designated 3H1, which mimics a specific epitope on the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Patients with CEA positive tumors are immunologically "tolerant" to CEA. We used 3H1 as a surrogate for CEA for vaccine therapy of 12 patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Each of the patients(More)
A murine monoclonal anti-tumor antibody termed SN2 (Ab1), isotype IgG1-kappa, that defines a unique human T cell leukemia-associated cell-surface glycoprotein, gp37 (m.w. 37,000), was used to generate monoclonal anti-idiotype antibodies (Ab2) in syngeneic BALB/c mice. The Ab2 were screened on the basis of their binding to the F(ab')2 fragments of SN2 and(More)
We evaluated the efficiency of recombinant vaccinia virus expressing interleukin-2 (rvv-IL-2) as a tumor vaccine in an immunocompetent mouse model of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC VII/SF). Mice with five-day-old tumors in the floor of the mouth were treated with rvv-IL-2 by intratumoral injections. These treated mice survived longer (P <.03)(More)
Certain anti-idiotypic antibodies that bind to the antigen-combining sites of antibodies can effectively mimic the three-dimensional structures and functions of the external antigens and can be used as surrogate antigens for active specific immunotherapy. Extensive studies in animal models have demonstrated the efficacy of these vaccines for triggering the(More)
Between April 1997 and March 1998 we evaluated the immune response and outcome in 11 chemosensitive patients who were treated with the anti-idiotype antibody vaccine TriAb after recovery from intensive therapy and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Triab was commenced after recovery from the acute effects of ASCT; a minimum interval of 1 month was(More)