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BACKGROUND AIMS Because of their multilineage differentiation capacity, immunomodulatory role and homing ability, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are emerging as a new therapeutic strategy for treating a variety of disorders. Although bone marrow (BM) is the best characterized source of MSC, Wharton's jelly (WJ) of the umbilical cord holds great promise as(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from Wharton's jelly (WJ) of umbilical cord bear higher proliferation rate and self-renewal capacity than adult tissue-derived MSCs and are a primitive stromal cell population. Stem cell niche or physiological microenvironment plays a crucial role in maintenance of stem cell properties and oxygen concentration is(More)
Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) for clinical use have largely been isolated from the bone marrow, although isolation of these cells from many different adult and fetal tissues has been reported as well. One such source of MSCs is the Whartons Jelly (WJ) of the umbilical cord, as it provides an inexhaustible source of stem cells for potential(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have become an attractive tool for tissue engineering and targets in clinical transplantation due to their regeneration potential and immuno-suppressive capacity. Although MSCs derived from bone marrow are the most widely used, their harvest requires an invasive procedure. The umbilical cord, which is discarded at birth, can(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with their multilineage developmental plasticity comprise a promising tool for regenerative cell-based therapy. Despite important biological properties, which the MSCs from different sources share, the differences between them are poorly understood. Hence, it is required to assign a molecular signature to each of these MSC(More)
MSCs are promising candidates for stem cell therapy and regenerative medicine. Umbilical cord is the easiest obtainable biological source of MSCs and the Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord is a rich source of fetus-derived stem cells. However, the use of MSCs for therapeutic application is based on their subsequent large-scale in vitro expansion. A fast(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) show promise in cell-based transplantations and regenerative medicine applications. MSCs from Wharton's jelly (WJ) of umbilical cord can be easily harvested and exhibit greater proliferative activity than bone marrow MSCs. It is important to develop a practical cryopreservation technique to effectively store umbilical cord(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have remarkable clinical potential for cell-based therapy. Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (WJ-MSCs) from umbilical cord share unique properties with both embryonic and adult stem cells. MSCs are found at low frequency in vivo, and their successful therapeutic application depends on rapid(More)
It is the promise of regeneration and therapeutic applications that has sparked an interest in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Following infusion, MSCs migrate to sites of injury or inflammation by virtue of their homing property. To exert optimal clinical benefits, systemically delivered MSCs need to migrate efficiently and in adequate numbers to(More)
The efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy is currently limited by low retention and poor survival of transplanted cells as demonstrated by clinical studies. This is mainly due to the harsh microenvironment created by oxygen and nutrient deprivation and inflammation at the injured sites. The choice of MSC source could be critical in determining(More)
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