Learn More
The regional expression of mRNA for the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits alpha3, alpha4 and alpha7 was examined in postmortem brain tissues from controls and patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by using quantitative RT-PCR. In parallel, the numbers of nAChRs were measured by receptor binding. Relative quantification of the nAChR gene(More)
Alzheimer's disease neuropathology is characterised by beta-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Inhibition of beta-amyloid accumulation may be essential for effective therapy in Alzheimer's disease. In this study we have treated transgenic mice carrying the Swedish mutation of human amyloid precursor protein [Tg(Hu.APP695.K670N-M671L)2576], which(More)
Neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) are expressed in the brain but also in the peripheral tissues including the adrenal medulla. However, it is unclear which nAChRs are present in the human adrenal medulla. In the study, receptor binding assay, Western blot and RT-PCR have been performed to investigate the expression of nAChRs in adrenal medulla from(More)
Cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients is associated with a decline in the levels of growth factors, impairment of axonal transport and marked degeneration of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCNs). Neurogenesis persists in the adult human brain, and the stimulation of regenerative processes in the CNS is an attractive prospect for(More)
The accumulation of β-amyloid in the brain is an early event in Alzheimer's disease. This study presents the first patient with Alzheimer's disease who underwent positron emission tomography imaging with the amyloid tracer, Pittsburgh Compound B to visualize fibrillar β-amyloid in the brain. Here we relate the clinical progression, amyloid and functional(More)
The effects of nicotine on levels of Abeta 40 and Abeta 42 and nicotinic receptor binding sites were studied in brains from nonsmoking and smoking patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and aged-matched controls. The levels of soluble and insoluble Abeta 40 and Abeta 42 in frontal cortex and Abeta 40 in temporal cortex and hippocampus were significantly(More)
We have earlier reported that Abeta were significantly reduced in brains of smoking Alzheimer patients and control subjects compared with non-smokers, as well as in nicotine treated APPsw transgenic mice. To examine the mechanisms by which nicotine modulates APP processing we here measured levels of secreted amyloid precursor protein (sAPPalpha), total(More)
The development of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in brains from human fetuses of 4-12 weeks gestational age was studied. The expression of nAChR subunit mRNAs was analyzed using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Expression of alpha 3, alpha 4, alpha 5, alpha 7, beta 2, beta 3 and beta 4 mRNA were all detected in the prenatal(More)
Reductions in the number of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have been shown to occur in connection with Parkinson's disease (PD), but it is still unclear which subtype of this receptor is affected. In the present study we examined various nAChR subtypes employing ligand binding, as well as levels of subunit protein and mRNA in the brains(More)
AIMS This study compared serum metabolites of demented patients (Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia) and controls, and explored serum metabolite profiles of nondemented individuals 5 years preceding the diagnosis. METHODS Cognitively healthy participants were followed up for 5-20 years. Cognitive assessment, serum sampling, and diagnosis were(More)