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We determined the complete genome sequence of Shigella flexneri serotype 2a strain 2457T (4,599,354 bp). Shigella species cause >1 million deaths per year from dysentery and diarrhea and have a lifestyle that is markedly different from those of closely related bacteria, including Escherichia coli. The genome exhibits the backbone and island mosaic structure(More)
The Shigella flexneri 2a SC602 vaccine candidate carries deletions of the plasmid-borne virulence gene icsA (mediating intra- and intercellular spread) and the chromosomal locus iuc (encoding aerobactin) (S. Barzu, A. Fontaine, P. J. Sansonetti, and A. Phalipon, Infect. Immun. 64:1190-1196, 1996). Dose selection studies showed that SC602 causes shigellosis(More)
The complete sequence analysis of the 210-kb Shigella flexneri 5a virulence plasmid was determined. Shigella spp. cause dysentery and diarrhea by invasion and spread through the colonic mucosa. Most of the known Shigella virulence determinants are encoded on a large plasmid that is unique to virulent strains of Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli;(More)
The products of the ipaB, ipaC, and ipaD genes are involved in the expression of the invasive phenotype in all species of Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC). DNA probes derived from these genes are accurate indicators of the invasive phenotype (M. Venkatesan, J. M. Buysse, E. V. Vandendries, and D. J. Kopecko, J. Clin. Microbiol.(More)
Oligonucleotide primers derived from the ipaH7.8 sequence have been used to determine the boundaries of DNA sequence homology among five ipaH genes on the invasion plasmid (pWR100) of Shigella flexneri 5, strain M9OT-W. The primary structure of IpaH4.5 has been established from DNA sequence analysis. The first 197 amino acids in IpaH7.8 were replaced in(More)
We conducted a phase I trial with healthy adults to evaluate WRSS1, a live, oral Delta virG Shigella sonnei vaccine candidate. In a double-blind, randomized, dose-escalating fashion, inpatient volunteers received a single dose of either placebo (n = 7) or vaccine (n = 27) at 3 x 10(3) CFU (group 1), 3 x 10(4) CFU (group 2), 3 x 10(5) CFU (group 3), or 3 x(More)
We describe the first community-based evaluation of Shigella sonnei strain WRSS1, a live, oral candidate vaccine attenuated by a 212-bp deletion in the virG (or icsA) plasmid virulence gene. Three single-dose regimens of WRSS1 (5 x 10(3) CFU, 2 x 10(4) CFU, and 4 x 10(5) CFU) were tested with cohorts of 15 adult volunteers. The vaccine was generally well(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a primary cause of diarrhoea in infants in developing countries and in travellers to endemic regions. While several virulence genes have been identified on ETEC plasmids, little is known about the ETEC chromosome, although it is expected to share significant homology in backbone sequences with E. coli K-12. In the(More)
PCR techniques applied to diarrheal stools reliably diagnose Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) infections. Identification of PCR products using agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) and hybridization with DNA probes has several shortcomings. Automated methods of identifying PCR products that process larger numbers of specimens can facilitate(More)
Shigella are gram-negative bacterium that cause bacillary dysentery (shigellosis). Symptoms include diarrhea and discharge of bloody mucoid stools, accompanied by severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, malaise, and fever. Persons traveling to regions with poor sanitation and crowded conditions become particularly susceptible to shigellosis. Currently a(More)