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We determined the complete genome sequence of Shigella flexneri serotype 2a strain 2457T (4,599,354 bp). Shigella species cause >1 million deaths per year from dysentery and diarrhea and have a lifestyle that is markedly different from those of closely related bacteria, including Escherichia coli. The genome exhibits the backbone and island mosaic structure(More)
The Shigella flexneri 2a SC602 vaccine candidate carries deletions of the plasmid-borne virulence gene icsA (mediating intra- and intercellular spread) and the chromosomal locus iuc (encoding aerobactin) (S. Barzu, A. Fontaine, P. J. Sansonetti, and A. Phalipon, Infect. Immun. 64:1190-1196, 1996). Dose selection studies showed that SC602 causes shigellosis(More)
The complete sequence analysis of the 210-kb Shigella flexneri 5a virulence plasmid was determined. Shigella spp. cause dysentery and diarrhea by invasion and spread through the colonic mucosa. Most of the known Shigella virulence determinants are encoded on a large plasmid that is unique to virulent strains of Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli;(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a primary cause of diarrhoea in infants in developing countries and in travellers to endemic regions. While several virulence genes have been identified on ETEC plasmids, little is known about the ETEC chromosome, although it is expected to share significant homology in backbone sequences with E. coli K-12. In the(More)
Oligonucleotide primers derived from the ipaH7.8 sequence have been used to determine the boundaries of DNA sequence homology among five ipaH genes on the invasion plasmid (pWR100) of Shigella flexneri 5, strain M9OT-W. The primary structure of IpaH4.5 has been established from DNA sequence analysis. The first 197 amino acids in IpaH7.8 were replaced in(More)
The products of the ipaB, ipaC, and ipaD genes are involved in the expression of the invasive phenotype in all species of Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC). DNA probes derived from these genes are accurate indicators of the invasive phenotype (M. Venkatesan, J. M. Buysse, E. V. Vandendries, and D. J. Kopecko, J. Clin. Microbiol.(More)
We conducted a phase I trial with healthy adults to evaluate WRSS1, a live, oral Delta virG Shigella sonnei vaccine candidate. In a double-blind, randomized, dose-escalating fashion, inpatient volunteers received a single dose of either placebo (n = 7) or vaccine (n = 27) at 3 x 10(3) CFU (group 1), 3 x 10(4) CFU (group 2), 3 x 10(5) CFU (group 3), or 3 x(More)
An invasive strain of Shigella flexneri 2a (SC608) has been developed as a vector for the expression and delivery of heterologous antigens. SC608 is an aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase (asd) derivative of SC602 (icsA iuc), a well-characterized live attenuated vaccine strain which has undergone several clinical trials in human volunteers. When(More)
We describe the first community-based evaluation of Shigella sonnei strain WRSS1, a live, oral candidate vaccine attenuated by a 212-bp deletion in the virG (or icsA) plasmid virulence gene. Three single-dose regimens of WRSS1 (5 x 10(3) CFU, 2 x 10(4) CFU, and 4 x 10(5) CFU) were tested with cohorts of 15 adult volunteers. The vaccine was generally well(More)
The presence of many enteropathogens which are not easily detectable by routine stool culture has led to the development of alternative diagnostic methods. One of these techniques, nucleic acid probe hybridization, has been used to identify Shigella spp. and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) in stool specimens through the detection of genetic material(More)