Malabi M. Venkatesan

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Cryopyrin (CIAS1, NLRP3) and ASC are components of the inflammasome, a multiprotein complex required for caspase-1 activation and cytokine IL-1beta production. CIAS1 mutations underlie autoinflammation characterized by excessive IL-1beta secretion. Disease-associated cryopyrin also causes a program of necrosis-like cell death in macrophages, the mechanistic(More)
We determined the complete genome sequence of Shigella flexneri serotype 2a strain 2457T (4,599,354 bp). Shigella species cause >1 million deaths per year from dysentery and diarrhea and have a lifestyle that is markedly different from those of closely related bacteria, including Escherichia coli. The genome exhibits the backbone and island mosaic structure(More)
The complete sequence analysis of the 210-kb Shigella flexneri 5a virulence plasmid was determined. Shigella spp. cause dysentery and diarrhea by invasion and spread through the colonic mucosa. Most of the known Shigella virulence determinants are encoded on a large plasmid that is unique to virulent strains of Shigella and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli;(More)
A lambda gt11 expression library of Tn5-tagged invasion plasmid pWR110 (from Shigella flexneri serotype 5, strain M90T-W) contained a set of recombinants encoding a 60-kilodalton protein (designated IpaH) recognized by rabbit antisera raised against S. flexneri invasion plasmid antigens (J. M. Buysse, C. K. Stover, E. V. Oaks, M. M. Venkatesan, and D. J.(More)
Live attenuated Shigella vaccines have shown promise in inducing protective immune responses in human clinical trials and as carriers of heterologous antigens from other mucosal pathogens. In the past, construction of Shigella vaccine strains relied on classical allelic exchange systems to genetically engineer the bacterial genome. These systems require(More)
Detection of Shigella organisms and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was evaluated in 20 patients with dysentery before and in 17 of the 20 after treatment with ciprofloxacin. DNA sequences coding for IpaH antigen, a multiple copy sequence found on the chromosome, and the invasion plasmid locus (ial) was detected(More)
This study documents the presence of type 1 fimbriae on Shigella and confirms these mannose-sensitive adherence structures to be bona fide components of the Shigella surface. While laboratory-passaged Shigella strains and lyophilized clinical isolates failed to express type 1 fimbriae, 6 of 20 recent clinical isolates, including 4 Shigella flexneri strains,(More)
We conducted a phase I trial with healthy adults to evaluate WRSS1, a live, oral Delta virG Shigella sonnei vaccine candidate. In a double-blind, randomized, dose-escalating fashion, inpatient volunteers received a single dose of either placebo (n = 7) or vaccine (n = 27) at 3 x 10(3) CFU (group 1), 3 x 10(4) CFU (group 2), 3 x 10(5) CFU (group 3), or 3 x(More)
Shigella are gram-negative bacterium that cause bacillary dysentery (shigellosis). Symptoms include diarrhea and discharge of bloody mucoid stools, accompanied by severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, malaise, and fever. Persons traveling to regions with poor sanitation and crowded conditions become particularly susceptible to shigellosis. Currently a(More)
The Shigella flexneri 2a SC602 vaccine candidate carries deletions of the plasmid-borne virulence gene icsA (mediating intra- and intercellular spread) and the chromosomal locus iuc (encoding aerobactin) (S. Barzu, A. Fontaine, P. J. Sansonetti, and A. Phalipon, Infect. Immun. 64:1190-1196, 1996). Dose selection studies showed that SC602 causes shigellosis(More)