Learn More
Appropriate and timely cervical remodeling is key for successful birth. Premature cervical opening can result in preterm birth which occurs in 12.5% of pregnancies. Research focused on the mechanisms of term and preterm cervical remodeling is essential to prevent prematurity. This review highlights recent findings that better define molecular processes(More)
Female mice deficient in steroid 5alpha-reductase type 1 have a decreased litter size. The average litter in homozygous deficient females is 2.7 pups vs. 8.0 pups in wild type controls. Oogenesis, fertilization, implantation, and placental morphology appear normal in the mutant animals. Fetal loss occurs between gestation days 10.75 and 11.0 commensurate(More)
In the human, estrogen biosynthesis occurs in several tissue sites, including ovary, placenta, adipose, and brain. Recent work from our laboratory has indicated that tissue-specific expression of aromatase cytochrome P450 (P450arom), the enzyme responsible for estrogen biosynthesis, is determined, in part, by the use of tissue-specific promoters. Thus the(More)
Successful delivery of the fetus (parturition) depends on coordinate interactions between the uterus and cervix. A majority (70%) of mice deficient in the type 1 isozyme of steroid 5alpha-reductase fail to deliver their young at term and thus manifest a parturition defect. Using in vitro and in vivo measurements we show here that rhythmic contractions of(More)
Recent studies have established that concentration gradients of aromatase expression occur within the breast, with the highest levels of expression occurring in sites proximal to a tumor. These variations in aromatase expression correlate with regional differences in the relative proportions of the histologic components of breast adipose tissue, in(More)
Estrogens are synthesized from C19 steroids by a unique form of cytochrome P450, aromatase cytochrome P-450 (P-450AROM; the product of the CYP19 gene). We have shown that tissue-specific expression of human P-450AROM is determined, in part, by the use of alternative promoters. Previous methods of analysis for determining the specific 5'-termini of the(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn resuscitation with 100% oxygen is associated with oxidative-nitrative stresses and inflammation. The mechanisms are unclear. Hyaluronan (HA) is fragmented to low molecular weight (LMW) by oxidative-nitrative stresses and can promote inflammation. We examined the effects of 100% oxygen resuscitation and treatment with the antioxidant,(More)
The changes in the mechanical integrity of the cervix during pregnancy have implications for a successful delivery. Cervical collagens are known to remodel extensively in mice with progressing gestation leading to a soft cervix at term. During this process, mature crosslinked collagens are hypothesized to be replaced with immature less crosslinked collagens(More)
The uterine cervix undergoes changes during pregnancy and labor that transform it from a closed, rigid, collagen dense structure to one that is distensible, has a disorganized collagen matrix, and dilates sufficiently to allow birth. To protect the reproductive tract from exposure to the external environment, the cervix must be rapidly altered to a closed,(More)
5alpha-Androstane-3alpha,17beta-diol (androstanediol) is the predominant androgen in immature mouse testes, and studies were designed to investigate its pathway of synthesis, the steroid 5alpha-reductase isoenzyme involved in its formation, and whether testicular androstanediol is formed in embryonic mouse testes at the time of male phenotypic development.(More)