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Non-A beta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) is the second component in the amyloid from brain tissue of patients affected with Alzheimer's disease. Its precursor protein (NACP) was shown to be a brain-specific protein. In rat brain, NACP was more abundant in the neocortex, hippocampus, olfactory bulb, striatum, thalamus, and cerebellum and(More)
Parkinson's disease is characterized by loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons and presence of Lewy bodies, whose major component is alpha-synuclein. In the present study, we generated transgenic mice termed Syn130m that express truncated human alpha-synuclein (amino acid residue number: 1-130) in dopaminergic neurons. Notably, dopaminergic neurons were(More)
Lewy bodies in Parkinson' s disease (PD) are strongly immunoreactive with antibodies against alpha-synuclein, which is mutated in some familial cases of the disease. We carried out immunohistochemical examinations of the brains of multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients using anti-alpha-synuclein antibodies. Strong alpha-synuclein immunoreactivity was found(More)
The precursor of the non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP), also called alpha-synuclein, is a major component of Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease (PD) as well as of neuronal and oligodendroglial cytoplasmic inclusions in multiple system atrophy. We previously reported argyrophilic, tau-negative glial inclusions in the midbrains of(More)
NACP, originally identified as a precursor of the non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC), is now known to be identical to alpha-synuclein, a presynaptic protein in the human brain. Recently, a mutation in the alpha-synuclein gene in families with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD) was identified. We carried out immunohistochemical(More)
Recently, we have shown that the precursor of the non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP), also known as alpha-synuclein, is a major component of Lewy bodies (LBs) as well as neuronal and glial cytoplasmic inclusions in multiple system atrophy (MSA). To elucidate whether the accumulation of NACP is specific to LB disease and MSA, we(More)
Alpha-synuclein is believed to play an important role in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mutations in the alpha-synuclein gene are responsible for familial forms of PD and alpha-synuclein protein is a major component of Lewy bodies in patients with sporadic PD. Synphilin-1 is a novel protein that we have previously found to associate in vivo with alpha-synuclein.(More)
The effect of a single intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of alpha-IFN on levels of central monoamines and their metabolites in six brain regions (frontal cortex, striatum, hypothalamus, hippocampus, mid brain and medulla) of the rat was investigated. Wistar rats (n=10) were decapitated 2 h after i.c.v. injection of alpha-IFN. The brain tissues were(More)
We report a 57-year-old woman with multiple system atrophy (MSA) of 15-month duration. The patient developed dysarthria, followed by impaired balance of gait, mild limb ataxia, and saccadic eye movement. A postmortem examination performed after she was found dead in a bathtub revealed neuronal loss restricted to the olivopontocerebellar system, being more(More)
Although alpha- and beta-synucleins are expressed predominantly in presynaptic nerve terminals, recent studies have demonstrated that alpha-synuclein is also expressed in cultured astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. We determined whether beta-synuclein might be expressed in astrocytes. Beta-synuclein mRNA and protein were detected in normal human astrocytes in(More)