Makoto Yokosuka

Learn More
Estradiol plays an essential role in sexual differentiation of the rodent hypothalamus. Endocrine disruptors with estrogenic activity such as bisphenol A (BPA) are reported to disturb sexual differentiation of the hypothalamus. The purpose of the present study was to examine in vitro effects of BPA on developing hypothalamic neurons by focusing on a(More)
In dogs, embryo transfer (ET) techniques such as induciton of excessive ovulation and synchronization of estrus have not progressed well. Therefore, using embryos at various developmental stages, ET was investigated in dogs from a beagle colony in which the ovulation days were close, as estimated by the progesterone level. Embryos were, recovered 8-11 days(More)
In mammals, the vomeronasal system (VS) originating from the vomeronasal organ (VNO; also called "Jacobson's organ") is considered to be a chemosensory system that recognizes "pheromone" signals. In the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB), the primary center of the VS, the glomerular cell layer (GL) of the AOB is regarded as an important functional area in the(More)
The effects of light on the circadian rhythm in melatonin release from the pineal organ of a teleost, ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) were investigated in flow-through culture. Under the reversed light-dark (LD) cycle, the melatonin rhythm phase shifted as compared with those under the normal LD cycle. This phase shift persisted even under constant darkness(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one of the important endogenous orexigenic peptides. In these studies we employed c-Fos immunostaining and a selective NPY Y1 receptor antagonist to identify the site of action of NPY in the hypothalamus. The results showed that intracerebroventricular administration of NPY stimulated feeding and increased immunostaining of c-Fos, a(More)
We investigated effects of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) and endocrine disrupters, nonylphenol (NP) and bisphenol-A (BPA), focusing on the neuronal development in cultures of fetal rat hypothalamic cells. We applied different concentrations of E(2), NP or BPA to the cultured hypothalamic cells and observed their effects on dendritic and synaptic development by(More)
The adhesion force of fine particles on the surface of tablets was measured by a centrifugal force and impact separation method. A Finededuster (FDD) was employed to remove fine particles from the tablet surface. The centrifugal force and impact separation method was suggested to be effective for measuring the adhesive forces between particles and the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the in vitro effects of low-dose cadmium (Cd) on developing cortical cells. The cortical cells removed from fetuses (embryonic day 15) were treated with 10nM of Cd for 24h. The effects of Cd on dendritic and synaptic development were immunocytochemically observed with anti-microtubule associated protein-2(More)
As a model for studying methamphetamine (MAP) abuse, which has become a social problem in Japan, we investigated the changes in serum cortisone, NK cell activity and mitogenic response of T-lymphocytes after a single injection of MAP (3.0 mg/kg) in female cynomolgus monkeys. Serum cortisol concentration was significantly elevated to 2.66 times pre-injection(More)
Neurons in the medial nucleus of the amygdala (MeA) play a key role in the innate maternal, reproductive, defensive, and social behaviors. However, it is unclear how activation of the vomeronasal system leads to the behavioral outputs that are associated with pheromones. Here, we characterized the electrophysiological and morphological properties of MeA(More)