Makoto Uchiyama

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The essence of Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension (JSH 2000) was introduced. JSH 2004 is a revised edition of JSH 2000. In JSH 2004, the significance of lifestyle modification is also emphasized as the basic treatment of hypertension, in which salt intake per day is reduced to below 6g/day. In drug therapy, Ca(More)
Subjective sleep quality has been identified as an important clinical construct in psychiatric disordered patients. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), one of the most widely used standardized measures to assess subjective sleep quality, generates a global score and scores seven components. The present study psychometrically assessed clinical(More)
The study examined the prevalence and correlates of insomnia in a representative sample (n=3030) from the general population of Japan. Using a structured questionnaire, we found that the overall prevalence of insomnia during the preceding month was 21.4%, including difficulty initiating sleep (DIS: 8.3%), difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS: 15.0%), and early(More)
The composite structure of the mammalian skull, which forms predominantly via intramembranous ossification, requires precise pre- and post-natal growth regulation of individual calvarial elements. Disturbances of this process frequently cause severe clinical manifestations in humans. Enhanced DNA binding by a mutant MSX2 homeodomain results in a gain of(More)
Recent progress in biological clock research has facilitated genetic analysis of circadian rhythm sleep disorders, such as delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) and non-24-h sleep-wake syndrome (N-24). We analyzed the human period3 (hPer3) gene, one of the human homologs of the Drosophila clock-gene period (Per), as a possible candidate for rhythm disorder(More)
To clarify the neural correlates and brain activity during the progression of human non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, we examined the absolute regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) during light and deep NREM sleep and during wakefulness in normal humans using positron emission tomography with H(2)(15)O. Relative changes in rCBF during light and deep NREM(More)
To examine the neurophysiological and cognitive characteristics of language disorder in schizophrenia, the N400 component and late positive component (LPC) of event-related potentials (ERPs) were investigated in medicated schizophrenic patients and health comparison subjects. The subjects were required to indicate whether Japanese sentence completions were(More)
There are few epidemiological studies on sleep loss and daytime sleepiness in the general adult population of Japan. A total of 4000 adult people, aged 20 and over, were randomly drawn from five areas of Japan, and 3030 individuals were interviewed and completed a questionnaire including information about sleep duration and sleep problems. Overall, 29%(More)
Orexin is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that is implicated in the regulation of feeding behaviour and the sleep-wakefulness cycle in mammals. However, in spite of a growing body of knowledge concerning orexin in mammals, the orexin system and its function have not been well studied in lower vertebrates. In the present study, we first examined the effect of(More)