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A fully automated amino acid analyzer using NBD-F (4- fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole) as a fluorescent derivatization reagent was developed. The whole analytical process was fully automated from derivatization, injection to HPLC separation and quantitation. The derivatization reaction conditions were re-evaluated and optimized. Amino acids were(More)
We have previously reported a highly sensitive method for the measurement of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activities in rat erythrocytes with norepinephrine (NE), an endogenous native substrate, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-fluorescence or peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence reaction detection. Applying this method to COMT(More)
Mutations in alpha-synuclein gene cause familial form of Parkinson disease, and deposition of wild-type alpha-synuclein as Lewy bodies occurs as a hallmark lesion of sporadic Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, implicating alpha-synuclein in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease and related neurodegenerative diseases. Dopamine neurons in(More)
Neuronal function and innervation density is regulated by target organ-derived neurotrophic factors. Although cardiac hypertrophy drastically alternates the expression of various growth factors such as endothelin-1, angiotensin II, and leukemia inhibitory factor, little is known about nerve growth factor expression and its effect on the cardiac sympathetic(More)
A method has been developed for measurement of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity in the rat adrenal gland. Epinephrine, synthesized in the adrenal gland, was used as substrate, and its enzymatic product, metanephrine, was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. The method has sufficient precision(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatography method in which fluorescence detection is used for the simultaneous determination of 21 amino acids is proposed. Amino acids were derivatized with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F) and then separated on a monolithic silica column (MonoClad C18-HS, 150 mm × 3 mm i.d.). A mixture of 25 mM citrate buffer(More)
Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase kinase family member, which induces apoptosis in various cells through JNK and p38 MAP kinase cascades. In addition to apoptosis signaling, a number of recent in vitro studies have suggested that ASK1 may play roles in neural function. However, the behavioral(More)
In this study, we show for the first time that the separation efficiency of a pillar array column under pressure-driven liquid chromatography (LC) conditions can be improved using a separation channel with low-dispersion turns. The pillar array column was fabricated by reactive ion etching of a silicon substrate. With the low-dispersion-turn geometry, a(More)
In this study, the separation efficiency of a core-shell particle column was compared with particle-packed and monolithic silica columns, which showed that the core-shell particle column had a smaller theoretical plate height and that its separation efficiency was not affected significantly by the increase in flow rate. A fast HPLC method using a core-shell(More)
We have previously reported that methylation of catecholamines by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) was attenuated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with acute hypotension as compared with that of Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Here we examined the soluble (S-) and membrane-bound (MB-) COMT activities and COMT protein in the liver, kidney, and(More)