Makoto Tsunoda

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Mutations in alpha-synuclein gene cause familial form of Parkinson disease, and deposition of wild-type alpha-synuclein as Lewy bodies occurs as a hallmark lesion of sporadic Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, implicating alpha-synuclein in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease and related neurodegenerative diseases. Dopamine neurons in(More)
Neuronal function and innervation density is regulated by target organ-derived neurotrophic factors. Although cardiac hypertrophy drastically alternates the expression of various growth factors such as endothelin-1, angiotensin II, and leukemia inhibitory factor, little is known about nerve growth factor expression and its effect on the cardiac sympathetic(More)
BACKGROUND Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) catalyses the inactivation of catecholamines. It is widely distnbuted in most tissues in soluble (S-COMT) and membrane-bound (MB-COMT) forms. Recently, we used a new assay for COMT activity and demonstrated that COMT plays an important role in blood pressure regulation in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In(More)
A fully automated amino acid analyzer using NBD-F (4- fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole) as a fluorescent derivatization reagent was developed. The whole analytical process was fully automated from derivatization, injection to HPLC separation and quantitation. The derivatization reaction conditions were re-evaluated and optimized. Amino acids were(More)
A method to measure catechol- O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity using high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection with norepinephrine (NE) as a natural substrate was optimized for both soluble (S-) and membrane-bound (MB-) COMT activities in rat brain areas, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, hippocampus, brain stem, hypophysis, and(More)
An analytical method for catecholamines and related compounds using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) with native fluorescence detection has been developed. We found that ZIC-cHILIC with phosphorylcholine was suitable for the separation of catechol compounds with good peak shapes among six different HILIC columns (Inertsil SIL, Inertsil(More)
Enantiomeric separation and detection of D,L-aspartic acid (Asp) derivatized with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F) by capillary electrophoresis (CE) using modified cyclodextrins as chiral selectors was studied. Heptakis(2,3, 6-tri-O-methyl)-beta-cyclodextrin(TM-beta-CD) was most effective for enantiomeric separation of NBD-D,L-Asp with optimum(More)
A gradient elution system for pressure-driven liquid chromatography (LC) on a chip was developed for carrying out faster and more efficient chemical analyses. Through computational fluid dynamics simulations and an experimental study, we found that the use of a cross-Tesla structure with a 3 mm mixing length was effective for mixing two liquids. A gradient(More)
The unique structural features of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) have made them very useful in biological applications, such as gene therapy and drug delivery. Flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, and electron microscopy have been used for observing the endocytosis of MSN. However, flow cytometry cannot directly observe the process of endocytosis.(More)
A structurally ordered, CMK-1 type mesoporous carbon nanoparticle (MCN) material was successfully synthesized by using a MCM-48 type mesoporous silica nanoparticle as template. The structure of MCN was analyzed by a series of different techniques, including the scanning and transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and N2 sorption(More)