Makoto Tsunoda

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Mutations in alpha-synuclein gene cause familial form of Parkinson disease, and deposition of wild-type alpha-synuclein as Lewy bodies occurs as a hallmark lesion of sporadic Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, implicating alpha-synuclein in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease and related neurodegenerative diseases. Dopamine neurons in(More)
Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase kinase family member, which induces apoptosis in various cells through JNK and p38 MAP kinase cascades. In addition to apoptosis signaling, a number of recent in vitro studies have suggested that ASK1 may play roles in neural function. However, the behavioral(More)
Neuronal function and innervation density is regulated by target organ-derived neurotrophic factors. Although cardiac hypertrophy drastically alternates the expression of various growth factors such as endothelin-1, angiotensin II, and leukemia inhibitory factor, little is known about nerve growth factor expression and its effect on the cardiac sympathetic(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatography method in which fluorescence detection is used for the simultaneous determination of 21 amino acids is proposed. Amino acids were derivatized with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F) and then separated on a monolithic silica column (MonoClad C18-HS, 150 mm × 3 mm i.d.). A mixture of 25 mM citrate buffer(More)
A method to measure catechol- O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity using high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection with norepinephrine (NE) as a natural substrate was optimized for both soluble (S-) and membrane-bound (MB-) COMT activities in rat brain areas, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, hippocampus, brain stem, hypophysis, and(More)
The terrestrial slug Limax is able to acquire short-term and long-term memories during aversive odor-taste associative learning. We investigated the effect of the selective serotonergic neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) on memory. Behavioral studies indicated that 5,7-DHT impaired short-term memory but not long-term memory. HPLC (high-performance(More)
UNLABELLED Taste signals and nutrient stimuli sensed by the gastrointestinal tract are transmitted to the brain to regulate feeding behavior and energy homeostasis. This system is referred to as the gut-brain axis. Here we show that both brush cells and type II taste cells are eliminated in the gastrointestinal tract of transcription factor Skn-1 knockout(More)
This study reports a fast and quantitative determination method for phenylalanine (Phe) and tyrosine (Tyr) in human plasma using on-chip pressure-driven liquid chromatography. A pillar array column with low-dispersion turns and a gradient elution system was used. The separation of fluorescent derivatives of Phe, Tyr, and other hydrophobic amino acids was(More)
Plasma concentration of three methylated arginines, endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitors, is not studied in schizophrenic patients. The purpose of this study was to determine plasma concentrations of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (l-NMMA), N(G),N(G)-dimethyl-L-arginine (ADMA), N(G),N(G')-dimethyl-L-arginine (SDMA), and l-arginine in 56 male and 45(More)
Incorporation profiles of d-Trp and l-Trp into the striatum following intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of d-Trp or l-Trp in male Sprague-Dawley rats (100mg/kg) were investigated by using a brain microdialysis technique. Alterations in the extracellular dopamine (DA) concentration in the rat striatum were also examined. Incorporation profiles of d-Trp(More)
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