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We investigate the structure of vortex states in rotating two-component Bose-Einstein condensates with equal intracomponent but varying intercomponent-coupling constants. A phase diagram in the intercomponent-coupling versus rotation-frequency plane reveals rich equilibrium structures of vortex states. As the ratio of intercomponent to intracomponent… (More)

We study the dynamics of vortex lattice formation of a rotating trapped Bose-Einstein con-densate by numerically solving the two-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation, and find that the condensate undergoes elliptic deformation, followed by unstable surface-mode excitations before forming a quantized vortex lattice. The origin of the peculiar surface-mode… (More)

We review the topic of quantized vortices in multicomponent Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases, with an emphasis on that in two-component condensates. First, we review the fundamental structure, stability and dynamics of a single vortex state in a slowly rotating two-component condensates. To understand recent experimental results, we use the… (More)

In this review, we give an overview of the experimental and theoretical advances in the physics of quantized vortices in dilute atomic-gas Bose–Einstein condensates in a trapping potential, especially focusing on experimental research activities and their theoretical interpretations. Making good use of the atom optical technique, the experiments have… (More)

The microscopic mechanism of thermal dissipation in quantum turbulence is numerically studied by solving the coupled system involving the Gross-Pitaevskii equation and the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation. At low temperatures, the obtained dissipation does not work at scales greater than the vortex core size. However, as the temperature increases, dissipation… (More)

This paper reviews recent developments in the physics of quantum turbulence (QT). QT was discovered in superfluid (4)He in the 1950s, while the research has taken a new direction since the middle of the 1990s. QT is comprised of quantized vortices that are definite topological defects and expected to give a prototype of turbulence much simpler than usual… (More)

Recently the Kelvin wave cascade process in superfluid 4 He at very low temperatures was discussed. In this mechanism, the dynamics of the waves on the vortex lines plays an important role. In order to investigate this mechanism , we study numerically the dynamics of the waves on the reconnected vortex lines using the full Biot-Savart law. This work shows… (More)

We performed optical-pump terahertz-probe measurements of a Mott insulator YTiO(3) and a band semiconductor Si using a laser diode (1.47 eV) and a femtosecond-pulse laser (1.55 eV). Both samples possess long energy-relaxation times (1.5 ms for YTiO(3) and 15 µs for Si); therefore, it is possible to extract terahertz complex conductivities of photoinduced… (More)

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