Makoto Tamura

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Hippocampal mossy fibers, which are the axons of dentate granule cells, are continuously generated owing to adult neurogenesis of granule cells. They extend exclusively into the stratum lucidum, a proximal layer of the CA3 pyramidal cells. We visualized the mossy fiber tracts by Timm histochemical staining and DiI labeling in the cultured hippocampal slices(More)
22q11.2 deletion carriers show specific cognitive deficits, and ∼30% of them develop schizophrenia. One of the disrupted genes is ZDHHC8, which encodes for a palmitoyltransferase. We show that Zdhhc8-deficient mice have reduced palmitoylation of proteins that regulate axonal growth and branching. Analysis of axonal projections of pyramidal neurons from both(More)
Dendritic morphogenesis is an essential process for the establishment of proper neural circuitry. In the epileptic hippocampus, mature dentate granule cells (GCs) possess basal dendrites (BDs), which is abnormal and is assumed to contribute to seizure progression. However, there is a lack of direct time-lapse evidence showing that neuronal hyperactivity(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) has been found to have stimulatory effects on fracture repair at diaphysis, while its effect on metaphyseal fracture repair, where spongiosal bone is dominant, has not been studied. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of FGF-2 on metaphyseal fracture healing in a rabbit proximal tibial metaphyseal model. The(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests the involvement of inflammatory processes in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Four- to 8-week exposure to cuprizone, a copper chelator, causes robust demyelination and has been used to build a model for multiple sclerosis. In contrast, we report here the effects of 1-week cuprizone exposure in mice. This short-term(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) has the potential to regenerate damaged articular cartilage tissue due to its exerting anabolic effects on chondrocytes. However, FGF-2 is involved in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, where the joint is destructed. The study aims at clarifying the effects of FGF-2 on joints. When radiolabeled FGF-2 was injected into(More)
Low-cost, simple procedures for organotypic tissue cultures are desirable for high-throughput biological experiments such as large-scale medical/drug screening. We present a practical and economical method to cultivate brain slices using hydrophilic filtration membranes. With a cost reduction of more than 90%, this technique allows us to prepare hippocampal(More)
Prenatal stress (PS) increases the risk of depressive disorders in adult offspring. The pathophysiology of depressive disorders has been linked to hippocampal dysfunction; however, whether and how PS attenuates the development and function of hippocampal networks remains unknown. Using a rat model of PS, in which pregnant mothers receive daily restraint(More)
While the genetic basis of schizophrenia is increasingly well characterized, novel treatments will require establishing mechanistic relationships between specific risk genes and core phenotypes. Rare, highly penetrant risk genes such as the 22q11.2 microdeletion are promising in this regard. Df(16)A(+/-) mice, which carry a homologous microdeletion, have(More)
Mossy fibers, the dentate granule cell axons, are generated throughout an animal's lifetime. Mossy fiber paths and synapses are primarily restricted to the stratum lucidum within the CA3 region. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin family protein that activates Trk neurotrophin receptors, is highly expressed in the stratum lucidum in an(More)