Makoto Takahashi

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Neurotrophic factors regulate neuronal development as well as synaptic plasticity, and their impairment is often implicated as a cause of schizophrenia. Among various neurotrophic molecules, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels have been found to be increased in the corticolimbic regions of patients' brains. In the present study, we assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Neural endocannabinoid function appears to be involved in schizophrenia. Two endocannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, are found in the brain and elsewhere in the body. We investigated roles of CB2 in schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS An association study was performed between tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CNR2 gene(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 31 (SCA31) is an adult-onset autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder showing progressive cerebellar ataxia mainly affecting Purkinje cells. The SCA31 critical region was tracked down to a 900 kb interval in chromosome 16q22.1, where the disease shows a strong founder effect. By performing comprehensive Southern blot(More)
The effect of taurine on growth of yellowtail juveniles Seriola quinqueradiata was investigated by a feeding experiment of diets containing various taurine levels. Test diets supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0% of taurine were prepared. These diets were fed to yellowtail juveniles with an initial mean body weight of 0.5 g for 6 weeks.(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify radiologic findings of Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome (FHCS). METHODS Thirteen women with right upper abdominal pain who were clinically diagnosed with FHCS were included. Biphasic helical computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen was performed in all patients. Posttherapeutic follow-up CT was available in 7 patients. Ultrasonography (US)(More)
It has been well recognized that the nonlinear hemodynamic responses of the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (fMRI) are important and ubiquitous in a series of experimental paradigms, especially for the event-related fMRI. Although this phenomenon has been intensively studied and it has been found that the post-capillary venous(More)
Decision making under uncertainty is an essential component of everyday life. Recent psychological studies suggest that older adults, despite age-related neurological decline, can make advantageous decisions when information about the contingencies of the outcomes is available. In this study, a two-choice prediction paradigm has been used, in conjunction(More)
A quantitative method for the determination of clopidogrel active metabolite (AM) in human plasma was developed and validated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Clopidogrel AM contains a thiol group, thus requiring stabilization in biological samples. The alkylating reagent 2-bromo-3'-methoxyacetophenone was used to stabilize(More)
We have attempted to regenerate bone in a significant osseous defect with minimal invasiveness and good plasticity, and to provide a clinical alternative to autogenous bone grafts. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may enhance the formation of new bone and is nontoxic, nonimmunoreactive, and accelerates existing wound-healing pathways. We have used a combination(More)