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Expression of miR398 is induced in response to copper deficiency and is involved in the degradation of mRNAs encoding copper/zinc superoxide dismutase in Arabidopsis thaliana. We found that SPL7 (for SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein-like7) is essential for this response of miR398. SPL7 is homologous to Copper response regulator1, the transcription factor(More)
The interactions of legumes with symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria cause the formation of specialized lateral root organs called root nodules. It has been postulated that this root nodule symbiosis system has recruited factors that act in early signaling pathways (common SYM genes) partly from the ancestral mycorrhizal symbiosis. However, the origins of(More)
The legume Lotus japonicus has been widely used as a model system to investigate the genetic background of legume-specific phenomena such as symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Here, we report structural features of the L. japonicus genome. The 315.1-Mb sequences determined in this and previous studies correspond to 67% of the genome (472 Mb), and are likely to(More)
We have identified the novel protein Glycine max PEROXISOMAL ADENINE NUCLEOTIDE CARRIER (Gm PNC1) by proteomic analyses of peroxisomal membrane proteins using a blue native/SDS-PAGE technique combined with peptide mass fingerprinting. Gm PNC1, and the Arabidopsis thaliana orthologs At PNC1 and At PNC2, were targeted to peroxisomes. Functional integration of(More)
Peroxisomes were visualized in living cells of various tissues in transgenic Arabidopsis by green fluorescent protein (GFP) through the addition of the peroxisomal targeting signal 1 (PTS1) or PTS2. The observation using confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed that the GFP fluorescence signals were detected as spherical spots in all cells of two kinds(More)
Peroxisomes are unique organelles involved in multiple cellular metabolic pathways. Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical active in many physiological functions under normal and stress conditions. Using Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) wild type and mutants expressing green fluorescent protein through the addition of peroxisomal targeting signal 1 (PTS1),(More)
Transposable elements represent a large proportion of the eukaryotic genomes. Long Terminal Repeat (LTR) retrotransposons are very abundant and constitute the predominant family of transposable elements in plants. Recent studies have identified chromoviruses to be a widely distributed lineage of Gypsy elements. These elements contain chromodomains in their(More)
Expression and localization of myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase (MIPS) in developing seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana was investigated. MIPS is an essential enzyme for production of inositol and inositol phosphates via its circularization of glucose-6-phosphate as the initial step. myo-inositol-6-phosphate (InsP(6) or phytic acid) is the predominant form of(More)
In many animal groups, left-right (LR) asymmetry within the body is observed. The left and right sides of the body are generally defined with reference to the anterior-posterior (AP) and dorsal-ventral (DV) axes. In this study, we investigated whether LR asymmetry is solely dependent on the AP and DV polarities in Drosophila embryos. We focused on the(More)
Telomere shortening and disruption of telomeric components are pathways that induce telomere deprotection. Here we describe another pathway, in which prolonged mitotic arrest induces damage signals at telomeres in human cells. Exposure to microtubule drugs, kinesin inhibitors, proteasome inhibitors or the disruption of proper chromosome cohesion resulted in(More)