Makoto Shirai

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To establish and characterize ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME)-induced testicular toxicity model in cynomolgus monkeys, EGME at 0 or 300 mg/kg was administered orally to sexually mature male cynomolgus monkeys (n = 3/group) for 4 consecutive days. Circulating and testicular microRNA (miRNA) profiles in this model were investigated using miRNA(More)
To assess modification of thioacetamide-induced hepatotoxicity in mice fed a high-fat diet, male C57BL/6J mice were fed a normal rodent diet or a high-fat diet for 8 weeks and then treated once intraperitoneally with thioacetamide at 50 mg/kg body weight. At 24 and 48 hours after administration, massive centrilobular hepatocellular necrosis was observed in(More)
To characterize microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in testicular toxicity in cynomolgus monkeys, miRNA profiles were investigated using next-generation sequencing (NGS), microarray and reverse transcription-quantitative real-time-PCR (RT-qPCR) methods. First, to identify organ-specific miRNAs, we compared the expression levels of miRNAs in the testes to those in(More)
Multiple whitish nodules in the thoracic cavity at the site of the thymus were observed in a 101-week-old male ICR mouse. In a histopathological examination, the neoplastic cells were predominantly fusiform in shape and proliferated in sarcomatoid growth patterns. Some neoplastic cells showed epithelial growth patterns, such as the ductal structures.(More)
Plasma protein binding is an important factor for the kinetics of drugs and how they act since it is the first step in drug distribution. Physiological changes in pregnancy, which include plasma composition, can affect drug binding and subsequent drug response. In the present study, we investigated the toxicokinetics (TK) and/or toxicodynamics (TD) of(More)
A nodule was observed in the adrenal medulla of a twenty-week-old male Wistar Hannover rat. The nodule was predominantly (over 80%) composed of neural components, with ganglion cells scattered in sparse supporting tissue containing nerve fibers and Schwann cells. In the peripheral area of the tumor, atypical chromaffin cells were also observed. Accumulation(More)
The main focus of this study was to determine the optimal administration period in terms of toxic effects on ovarian morphological changes. To assess the morphological and functional changes induced by anastrozole in ovaries, the compound was administered to female rats at dose levels or 0, 0.01, 0.1 and 50 mg/kg for 2 or 4 weeks in the repeated dose(More)
We previously reported that hepatic necrosis induced by thioacetamide (TA), a hepatotoxicant, was attenuated in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD mice) in comparison with mice fed a normal rodent diet (ND mice). In this study, we focused on investigation of the mechanism of the attenuation. Hepatic content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), an(More)
We previously reported that thioacetamide (TA)-induced hepatocellular necrosis was attenuated in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD mice) compared with mice fed a normal rodent diet (ND mice). In this study, we investigated whether p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) was involved in this attenuation. Western blot analysis revealed that hepatic(More)
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