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The complete sequence of the genome of a hyper-thermophilic archaebacterium, Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3, has been determined by assembling the sequences of the physical map-based contigs of fosmid clones and of long polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products which were used for gap-filling. The entire length of the genome was 1,738,505 bp. The authenticity of(More)
We have identified a novel octamer binding factor (Oct-3) in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells. Oct-3, which recognizes the typical octamer motif (ATTTGCAT) as well as the AT-rich sequence TTAAAATTCA, is present in P19 stem cells but disappears when the cells are induced to differentiate by retinoic acid (RA). Cloned cDNA corresponding to Oct-3 encodes a(More)
The scavenging effects of tea catechins and their epimerized, acylated, and glucostylated derivatives on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrythydrazyl (DPPH) radical were evaluated by electron spin resonance spectrometry. Tea catechins and their epimers were shown to have 50% radical scavenging ability in the concentration range of 1 to 3 microM. No significant differences(More)
Human pregnancy represents a situation of semiallograft to maternal host. Therefore, it has been reported that tolerance to the fetal allograft represents a mechanism for maintaining a pregnancy. CD4(+)CD25(bright) regulatory T cells are known to play an important role in the development and maintenance of tolerance in peripheral tissues. However, the(More)
Radical operation with extensive dissection of lymph nodes (R1, 48 patients; R2, 196 patients; R3, one patient) was performed in 245 out of 247 patients with early gastric cancer. The 5-year survival rate was only 73.2 per cent in the 34 patients with lymph node metastases (31.8 per cent). Analysis of factors influencing recurrence revealed that not only(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying the development of the external genitalia in mammals have been very little examined. Recent gene knockout studies have suggested that the developmental processes of its anlage, the genital tubercle (GT), have much in common with those of limb buds. The Fgf genes have been postulated as regulating several downstream genes(More)
1. Intrathecal (i.t.) administration of nociceptin and high doses of morphine induced allodynia in response to innocuous tactile stimuli, and i.t. nociceptin evoked hyperalgesia in response to noxious thermal stimuli in conscious mice. Here we have characterized the nociceptin-induced allodynia and compared it with the morphine-induced allodynia and the(More)
Using a specific antibody against each of the 4 catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes, dopamine or serotonin, we compared the localization of these substances in rat and mouse spinal cord with two kinds of fixative, such as paraformaldehyde and glutaraldehyde, and two types of sectioning technique, i.e. cryostat and microslicer. In this study, we demonstrated(More)
We have isolated a protein that exhibits a potent differentiation-inducing activity toward mouse Friend erythroleukemia (MEL) cells and human K-562 cells. The protein, designated erythroid differentiation factor (EDF), was found in the culture fluid of human THP-1 cells that had been treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. EDF is a homodimer with a Mr(More)
Project management for effective software process improvement must be achieved based on quantitative data. However, because data collection for measurement requires high costs and collaboration with developers, it is difficult to collect coherent, quantitative data continuously and to utilize the data for practicing software process improvement. In this(More)