Makoto Oyaizu

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BACKGROUND Nitrates dilate coronary arteries, ameliorate myocardial ischemia, minimize left ventricular remodeling, and reduce mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, the effects of long-term treatment with nitrates on cardiac events in patients with healed myocardial infarction are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1,002(More)
Effects of sulfhydryl oxidizing and reducing agents on permeability of the tetrodotoxin (TTX)-insensitive Na-channel were investigated in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Mercury chloride (HgCl2) at 1-100 microM irreversibly blocked Na+ currents with no significant changes in the gating kinetics. In contrast, the(More)
The effects of nefiracetam (DM-9384) on the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor-channel were studied by the whole-cell patch clamp technique using PC12 cells. Nefiracetam had a dual effect on ACh-induced currents: it augmented the currents induced by low concentrations (10-30 microM) of ACh and suppressed those induced by high concentrations(More)
We have studied the effects of MS-551 on the inward rectifier potassium channel (IK1) in isolated guinea-pig ventricular myocytes by use of whole-cell and single-channel recording techniques. MS-551 (5 microM) blocked the IK1 current. The percent blockade of the peak and steady-state IK1 current by MS-551 was constant at each test potential. In contrast 50(More)
We studied the mechanism of degranulation caused by Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels (KCa channels) in eosinophils isolated from mildly atopic donors using negative immunoselection. Stimulation of eosinophils with 0.1 microM platelet-activating factor (PAF) caused activation of single channels as recorded by the cell-attached patch-clamp technique. These(More)
BACKGROUND The administration of calcium antagonists to patients with healed myocardial infarction is a controversial treatment. This study was conducted to elucidate the effect of short-acting nifedipine and diltiazem on cardiac events in patients with healed myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS A controlled clinical open trial of 1115 patients(More)
The efficacy of combining antiplatelet agents with low doses of aspirin to prevent cardiac events in patients with myocardial infarction was examined. A total of 1,083 patients with prior myocardial infarction were randomly divided into those who were (618) and were not (465) treated with antiplatelet agents, and observed for 12.5 +/- 18.5 months. Those(More)
1. We evaluated the mechanism of activation by AL0671, a novel potassium channel opener, of potassium current in rat aortic smooth muscle cells. 2. Under conditions of whole cell recording, AL0671 (1-1000 microM) markedly increased potassium current with a Hill coefficient of 2 and dissociation constant of 1.5 x 10(-4) M. This activation was completely(More)
We examined the effects of antiarrhythmic drugs on the induction of cAMP by TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone), using continuously cultured FRTL-5 rat thyroid cells. Group Ia antiarrhythmic drugs had no effect, but Group Ib antiarrhythmic drugs suppressed cAMP induction by TSH. These drugs suppressed cAMP induction in response to cholera toxin but did not(More)
The differences among the small spines of 6 species of puffers have been clarified by means of microscopic observation. Small spines of puffers arise from the basement, which is composed of spines protruding from the surface skin, with roots extending horizontally in all directions in the layer under the surface skin. Using the characteristic shapes of the(More)