Makoto Osaki

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ing which time the surgeon suspended surgical procedures. Recommendations were made regarding infection prevention practices; these were undertaken by the surgeon. Although soft tissue infection following sclerotherapy may be underreported, large case series have not noted this complication in the past (2,3); this fi nding suggests that any soft tissue(More)
Recent analyses of Streptococcus suis isolates using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) suggested the importance of sequence type (ST) 1 and ST27 complexes for animal hygiene and public health. In this study, to investigate whether pilus-associated genes in S. suis can be used as novel genetic markers for important clonal groups, we examined the correlation(More)
European foulbrood (EFB) is an important infectious disease of honeybee larvae, but its pathogenic mechanisms are still poorly understood. The causative agent, Melissococcus plutonius, is a fastidious organism, and microaerophilic to anaerobic conditions and the addition of potassium phosphate to culture media are required for growth. Although M. plutonius(More)
We performed multilocus sequence typing of 64 North American Streptococcus suis serotype 2 porcine isolates. Strains were sequence type (ST) 28 (51%), ST25 (44%), and ST1 (5%). We identified nonrandom associations between STs and expression of the virulence markers suilysin (SLY), muramidase-relased protein (MRP), and extracellular factor (EF). Expression(More)
Many surface proteins which are covalently linked to the cell wall of gram-positive bacteria have a consensus C-terminal motif, Leu-Pro-X-Thr-Gly (LPXTG). This sequence is cleaved, and the processed protein is attached to an amino group of a cross-bridge in the peptidoglycan by a specific enzyme called sortase. Using the type strain of Streptococcus suis,(More)
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a gram-positive bacterium that causes erysipelas in animals and erysipeloid in humans. We found two adhesive surface proteins of E. rhusiopathiae and determined the nucleotide sequences of the genes, which were colocalized and designated rspA and rspB. The two genes were present in all of the serovars of E. rhusiopathiae(More)
Serum opacity factor of Streptococcus suis (OFS) has recently been identified as a virulence determinant of an S. suis strain. In this study, we investigated the prevalence and variations of the ofs gene among 108 S. suis isolates from diseased and healthy pigs, and human patients. PCR screening and sequencing analysis showed that besides the ofs gene(More)
A new transposon, designated TnSs1, which contains a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene flanked by direct repeats of an IS6-family element was found in a field isolate of Streptococcus suis. Polymerase chain reaction and hybridization analyses indicated that another field isolate carried the same transposon in a different location on the chromosome. A(More)
Melissococcus plutonius is an important pathogen of honeybee larvae and causes European foulbrood (EFB) not only in European honeybees (Apis mellifera) but also in other native honeybees. We recently confirmed the first EFB case in Japanese native honeybees (Apis cerana japonica) and isolated M. plutonius from this case. In this study, to obtain a better(More)
Streptococcus suis is an important pathogen for both swine and humans. In this study, we genotyped 105 S. suis isolates from porcine endocarditis in East Japan on the basis of profiles of capsular serotype-specific, virulence-associated and pilus-associated genes. The most common genotype was cps2J/mrp+/epf-/sly-/sbp2-/sep1-/sgp1+ (76.19%), followed by(More)