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We have developed an integral three-dimensional (3-D) television that uses a 2000-scanning-line video system that can shoot and display 3-D color moving images in real time. We had previously developed an integral 3-D television that used a high-definition television system. The new system uses -6 times as many elemental images [160 (horizontal) x 118(More)
We propose a method to reduce the color moire fringes that are attributable to the structure of a color flat-panel display in integral three-dimensional imaging. The method uses two types of optical low-pass filter, diffuser and defocus. The effectiveness of the method was confirmed in an experiment. We describe a way to design these filters with moire's(More)
The authors discuss practical problems, focusing, and accuracy of lens arrays involved in constructing integral imaging systems. In general, it is recommended to set the focusing for the object during capture to infinity. The positional error of the elemental lens arrangement significantly affects the image quality when the image is reconstructed near the(More)
We describe a method in which holograms can be produced by calculation from images captured by integral photography (IP). We present a basic algorithm obtained by simulating IP reconstruction, in which conditions are set so as not to cause aliasing in the holograms after the calculations. To reduce the calculation load, we also propose a way to limit the(More)
The effects of focusing on the resolution characteristics of integral photography (IP) are analyzed. First, there is an attempt to obtain the resolution characteristics of capture and display systems as the product of their modulation transfer functions (MTFs). Next, the relationship between this overall MTF and focusing during the capture is studied. The(More)
The effects of misarrangement of elements (elemental lenses and elemental images) that construct three-dimensional (3-D) images in integral photography are presented. If the lens arrays of the capturing system and the display system are not aligned accurately, positional errors of elements may occur, causing the 3-D image to be reconstructed in an incorrect(More)
We demonstrate a method of enlarging the viewing zone for holography that has holograms with a pixel structure. First, aliasing generated by the sampling of a hologram by pixel is described. Next the high-order diffracted beams reproduced from the hologram that contains aliasing are explained. Finally, we show that the viewing zone can be enlarged by(More)
Owing to the limited spatio-temporal resolution of display devices, dynamic holographic three-dimensional displays suffer from a critical trade-off between the display size and the visual angle. Here we show a projection-type holographic three-dimensional display, in which a digitally designed holographic optical element and a digital holographic projection(More)