Makoto Okawaki

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Immunological parameters were measured in order to elucidate a postoperative immunosuppression mechanism in transthoracic esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer. Moreover, lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells were transferred just after the surgery to overcome the postoperative immunosuppression. Fifteen consecutive patients who underwent(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important molecules that stimulate the innate immunity in order to eradicate microbial pathogens, after which the adaptive immunity emerges. The involvement of TLRs in the action mechanism of OK-432, a bacterial preparation, was investigated in the locoregional treatment of malignant ascites from gastric cancer. The expression(More)
We investigated whether trastuzumab, a humanized anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody, could induce HER2-specific cytotoxic activity on lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. Trastuzumab alone was not toxic to the HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB453 and ZR75-1, nor to the HER2-negative breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB468 and MCF-7. LAK cells, which(More)
The CD4+CD25high regulatory T (Treg) cells have been demonstrated to negatively modulate anti-tumor immune responses in cancer patients. In this study, effects of low dose anti-CD25 antibody (Ab) to attenuate Treg cells were investigated in cancer patients in vitro and in vivo. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from cancer patients were cultivated(More)
We have established a novel culture system to generate effector lymphocytes designated as peptide-pulsed dendritic cell-activated killer (PDAK) cells using cultured dendritic cells (DCs), synthetic peptide, peripheral blood lymphocytes, and interleukin-2 plus immobilized anti-CD3 antibody. A feasibility study of an adoptive immunotherapy trial using PDAK(More)
Cardioembolic stroke due to tumor emboli is a rare complication of neoplasm. A patient with metastatic cardiac liposarcoma who suffered from embolic stroke is reported. Autopsy confirmed that the cardiac tumor was a metastatic liposarcoma from the retroperitoneum, and the cerebral vessel was occluded by tumor cells and fibrin clot.
A 29-year-old female breast cancer patient with multiple bone metastases (HLA-A2) was treated with adoptive transfer using autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) activated with the HLA-A2-matched allogeneic GC022588 gastric cancer cell line and interleukin-2 plus an immobilized anti-CD3 antibody culture system. The relief of bone pain in(More)
Effects of low-dose anti-CD25 antibody on targeting regulatory T (Treg) cells in vitro and in vivo were investigated. Human-mouse chimeric anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody basiliximab was administered into the effusion cavity, followed by locoregional immunotherapy using OK-432 on day 7. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells and effusion lymphocytes (ELs) were(More)
A 71-year-old man visited the hospital complaining of nausea in December 2002. Following a diagnosis of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), partial resection of the stomach was performed in January 2003. The tumor was immunohistochemically positive for c-kit and CD34. The tumor size was 6.5 x 5.0 x 4.5 cm with a mitotic index of 25 out of 50 in the(More)