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We investigated the frequency and mechanism of beta-catenin/T cell factor (Tcf) signaling activation in a panel of 36 human gastrointestinal and liver cancer cell lines. Reporter assay and electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that the beta-catenin/Tcf signaling was upregulated in 12 of 12 (100%) colorectal, 5 of 8 (68%) gastric, 2 of 7 (29%)(More)
AIM To review the risk of proximal colon cancer in patients undergoing colonoscopy. METHODS We estimated the risk of advanced proximal adenomas and cancers in 6 196 consecutive patients that underwent colonoscopy (mean age 60 years, 65% males, without prior history of colorectal examination). Neoplasms were classified as diminutive adenoma (5 mm or less),(More)
The BRAF gene is mutated in 66% of melanomas and less frequently in various human cancers. More than 80% of these mutations are T to A transversions at nucleotide 1796 (T1796A), leading to a substitution of glutamic acid for valine at amino acid 599 (V599E). We established a new method for rapidly detecting V599E mutations using real-time polymerase chain(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to elucidate the association between body mass index (BMI) and both Helicobacter pylori and atrophic gastritis. METHODS The study involved 10,197 subjects participating in a Japanese mass endoscopic gastric cancer screening program. Atrophic gastritis was assessed by pepsinogen I to II ratio. RESULTS In logistic(More)
OBJECTIVES Obesity is thought to be associated with colorectal cancer and adenoma. We aimed to investigate the effect of body weight on the risk of colorectal adenoma both in cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study in a large-scale health appraisal institution in Japan. A total of 7,963 asymptomatic,(More)
OBJECTIVES Considering the increasing demand for colonoscopy, auxiliary devices that could facilitate the examination would be useful. A hood attached to the tip of the colonoscope has been reported to be helpful in detecting and removing colorectal polyps. However, its usefulness in aiding scope intubation has not been fully evaluated. METHODS Patients(More)
Epidemiologically, the association between chronic Helicobacter pylori infection and development of gastric cancer is well established. Although the possibility of preventing gastric cancer by eradicating H. pylori infection was recently investigated by several research groups, the results remain controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer occurs more frequently in older people. Because the population of aged persons is increasing, a better understanding of the characteristics of colorectal cancer with respect to age would be useful. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is any relationship between the site of colorectal adenoma and(More)
Recent advances in colonoscopic techniques have resulted in more frequent detection of superficial-type colorectal tumors, that is, laterally spreading tumors (LSTs), although little is known about the characteristic clinical features and genetic alterations of LSTs. To elucidate the molecular characteristics of LSTs, genetic alterations in the KRAS, BRAF(More)