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BACKGROUND Drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system benefit patients at risk for or with existing cardiovascular disease. However, evidence for this effect in Asian populations is scarce. We aimed to investigate whether addition of an angiotensin receptor blocker, valsartan, to conventional cardiovascular treatment was effective in(More)
This paper presents the results of the Virtual Intracranial Stenting Challenge (VISC) 2007, an international initiative whose aim was to establish the reproducibility of state-of-the-art haemodynamical simulation techniques in subject-specific stented models of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). IAs are pathological dilatations of the cerebral artery walls,(More)
BACKGROUND There are significant differences in the postoperative morphological and hemodynamic conditions of the carotid arteries between carotid artery stenting (CAS) and endarterectomy (CEA). OBJECTIVE To compare the postoperative rheological conditions after CAS with those after CEA with patch angioplasty (patch CEA) through the use of computational(More)
INTRODUCTION The efficacy and safety of tafamidis in transthyretin (TTR) familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) were evaluated in this open-label study. METHODS Japanese TTR-FAP patients (n=10; mean age 60.1 years) received tafamidis meglumine (20mg daily; median treatment duration 713.5 days). The primary endpoint was TTR stabilization at Week 8.(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial aneurysms can have atherosclerotic wall properties that may be important in predicting aneurysm history or estimating the potential risks of surgical treatments. OBJECTIVE To investigate hemodynamic characteristics of atherosclerotic lesions in intracranial aneurysms using computational fluid dynamics. METHODS Intraoperative(More)
The twinkling sign observed in ultrasound coded-excitation imaging (e.g., GE B-Flow) has been reported in previous research as a potential phenomenon to detect micro calcification in soft tissue. However, the mechanism of the twinkling sign has not been clearly understood yet. We conducted an in vitro experiment to clarify the mechanism of the twinkling(More)
Strangulation of the gallbladder by the omentum is extremely rare. We report what to our knowledge is only the second documented case of strangulation of a floating gallbladder by the lesser omentum. A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented to a local hospital after the sudden onset right upper quadrant pain. Her clinical features suggested a gallbladder(More)
We consider a lattice Boltzmann simulation of blood flow in a vessel deformed by the presence of an aneurysm. Modern clinical treatments involve introducing a stent (a tubular mesh of wires) into the cerebral artery in order to reduce the flow inside the aneurysm and favor its spontaneous reabsorption. A crucial question is to design the stent with suitable(More)
OBJECTIVES Stent implantation across the neck of cerebral aneurysms may induce intra-aneurysmal flow reduction, and consequently saccular thrombosis and vessel wall repair. To analyse the influence of different stent parameters on such flow reduction, we studied the flow changes in vascular models, induced by a series of stents. METHODS Two different(More)
Hemodynamic changes in intracranial aneurysms after stent placement include the appearance of areas with stagnant flow and low shear rates. We investigated the influence of stent placement on blood flow velocity and wall shear stress of an intracranial aneurysm using a finite element modeling approach. To assess viscosity changes induced by stent placement,(More)