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BACKGROUND Drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system benefit patients at risk for or with existing cardiovascular disease. However, evidence for this effect in Asian populations is scarce. We aimed to investigate whether addition of an angiotensin receptor blocker, valsartan, to conventional cardiovascular treatment was effective in(More)
OBJECTIVES Stent implantation across the neck of cerebral aneurysms may induce intra-aneurysmal flow reduction, and consequently saccular thrombosis and vessel wall repair. To analyse the influence of different stent parameters on such flow reduction, we studied the flow changes in vascular models, induced by a series of stents. METHODS Two different(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The assessment of blood flow speed by imaging modalities is of increasing importance for endovascular treatment, such as stent implantation, of cerebral aneurysms. The subtracted vortex centers path line method (SVC method) utilizes image post-processing for determining flow quantitatively. In current practice, intra-aneurysmal flow(More)
Staphylococcal γ-hemolysin is a bicomponent pore-forming toxin composed of LukF and Hlg2. These proteins are expressed as water-soluble monomers and then assemble into the oligomeric pore form on the target cell. Here, we report the crystal structure of the octameric pore form of γ-hemolysin at 2.5 Å resolution, which is the first high-resolution structure(More)
BACKGROUND There are significant differences in the postoperative morphological and hemodynamic conditions of the carotid arteries between carotid artery stenting (CAS) and endarterectomy (CEA). OBJECTIVE To compare the postoperative rheological conditions after CAS with those after CEA with patch angioplasty (patch CEA) through the use of computational(More)
A flow diverter (FD) is a flexible, densely braided stent-mesh device placed endoluminally across an intracranial aneurysm to induce its thrombotic occlusion. FD treatment planning using computational virtual stenting and flow simulation requires accurate representation of the expanded FD geometry. We have recently developed a high fidelity virtual stenting(More)
We developed a method to produce tubular in vitro models of the cerebral vessels from real patient data. Three-dimensional data sets obtained from patients undergoing rotational angiography were used for stereolithographic biomodeling by using rapid prototyping technology. In a second step, tubular reproductions of the cerebral vessels were obtained by(More)