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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of new incentive system for pressure ulcer management, which focused on skilled nurse staffing in terms of rate of healing and medical costs. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS A prospective cohort study included two types of groups: 39 institutions, which introduced the new incentive system,(More)
BACKGROUND Foot ulcers can develop from fissures in patients with diabetes. It is generally considered that fissures can develop with dry skin due to decreased perspiration associated with autonomic neuropathy. Especially, deep fissures that extend into the dermis may have a higher risk of ulceration than superficial fissures because of damage of skin(More)
PURPOSE High plantar pressure is a major risk factor for diabetic foot ulcers. The relationship between plantar pressure and foot mobility has been investigated in some studies. However, when the foot is in motion, foot mobility is only a small feature of the gait. Therefore, we investigated relationship between high plantar pressure and gait and also(More)
BACKGROUND A plantar temperature distribution can be obtained by thermography; however, the advantage has not been effectively utilized in the past. We previously proposed a classification method based on the angiosome concept, but the method was insufficient because it was too subjective and complicated for clinicians. In this study, we propose a new(More)
AIMS To identify differences in the characteristics of patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) according to their etiological classification and to compare their healing time. METHODS Over a 4.5-year period, 73 patients with DFUs were recruited. DFUs were etiologically classified as being of neuropathic, ischemic, or neuro-ischemic origin. Descriptive(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify the reliability and validity of FLIR ONE, a device connected to a smartphone, for the assessment of inflammation based on relative temperature increase compared with the thermography routinely used in pressure ulcer (PU) and diabetic foot assessment. METHOD Participants in this pilot cross-sectional observational study were recruited(More)
A common complication in patients with incontinence is perineal skin lesions, which are recognized as a form of dermatitis. In these patients, perineal skin is exposed to digestive enzymes and intestinal bacterial flora, as well as excessive water. The relative contributions of digestive enzymes and intestinal bacterial flora to skin lesion formation have(More)
AIMS Inflammation within the diabetic foot callus may be an earliest, predicting symptom of foot ulcer developing later. The purpose of this study was to identify latent inflammation within the foot callus using thermography and ultrasonography, and to investigate relationship between the inflammatory findings in callus and presence or absence of diabetes.(More)
Thermometry of the plantar skin temperature has been one of the important parameters for assessing ulceration risks in diabetic patients. Recent progress of infrared thermographic technology allows us to obtain imaging of temperature distribution of the whole plantar skin. However, it has not been fully elucidated to what extent the individual variation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the factors associated with toenail onychomycosis in patients with diabetes. METHODS In this cross-sectional, observational study, the presence and severity (area of nail involvement and nail thickness) of toenail onychomycosis and related factors were examined. One hundred and thirteen patients with diabetes were surveyed at the(More)