Makoto Nakano

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Polymer solutions and solids that contain light-sensitive molecules can undergo photo-contraction, whereby light energy is converted into mechanical energy. Here we show that a single film of a liquid-crystal network containing an azobenzene chromophore can be repeatedly and precisely bent along any chosen direction by using linearly polarized light. This(More)
For induction of long-term depression (LTD), mechanisms dependent on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) and on intracellular calcium stores have been separately known. How these two mechanisms coexist at the same synapses is not clear. Here, induction of LTD at hippocampal Schaffer collateral-to-CA1 pyramidal cell synapses was shown to depend on NMDARs(More)
We have recently demonstrated that endogenous erythropoietin (Epo)/Epo receptor (EpoR) system plays an important protective role in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. However, it remains to be examined whether vascular EpoR system contributes to angiogenesis in response to ischemia. We examined angiogenesis in EpoR(-/-)-rescued mice that lack EpoR in(More)
AIMS Mobilization of stem cells/progenitors is regulated by the interaction between stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its ligand, CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4). Statins have been suggested to ameliorate pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however, the mechanisms involved, especially their effects on progenitors, are largely unknown. Therefore,(More)
Class III antiarrhythmic agents have been widely used to suppress ventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients with heart failure because they have been shown to have positive inotropic effects as well. However, it remains to be examined whether those agents also exert positive inotropic effects in failing hearts. We addressed this important issue in a rat(More)
BACKGROUND Although capsule endoscopy is available as a minimally invasive imaging technique that contributes significantly to the detection of small bowel lesions, there are only a very few published descriptions of small bowel abnormalities in patients with portal hypertension. AIMS The aim of this study was to characterize the occurrence of small bowel(More)
BACKGROUND After the East Japan Earthquake disaster there may have been a deterioration of patients with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the data from 189 consecutive patients implanted with cardiovascular devices for the 6-month period before and after the Earthquake. In 170 patients with defibrillators, the number who(More)
Background/Aim. Usefulness of capsule endoscopy (CE) for diagnosing small-bowel lesions in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) has been reported. Most reports have addressed the clinical features of overt OGIB, with few addressing occult OGIB. We aimed to clarify whether occult OGIB is a definite indication for CE. Methods. We(More)
This paper proposes a new volatility model for energy prices explicitly characterized by the supply-demand relationship, which we call a Supply and Demand based Volatility (SDV) model. We show that the supply curve shape of energy in the SDV model produces the characteristics of the volatility in energy prices. Especially, it is found that the inverse(More)
BACKGROUND Small-bowel angioectasias are frequently diagnosed with capsule endoscopy (CE) or balloon endoscopy however, major predictors have not been defined and the indications for endoscopic treatment have not been standardized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors and management of small-bowel angioectasia. METHODS Among patients with(More)