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We present a patient with transient global amnesia (TGA) whose diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) study showed a high-intensity signal in the left retrosplenium of the corpus callosum. In previous studies, lesions in the retrosplenium caused permanent but not transient global amnesia, called retrosplenial amnesia, by involving the thalamocortical portion of(More)
This paper assesses quantitatively the impact of legal institutions on entrepreneurial firm dynamics. Owners choose firm size, financial structure and default to manage risk. We find: (i) Less risk averse entrepreneurs run bigger firms and it is optimal for them to incorporate, while more risk averse entrepreneurs run smaller firms and generally are better(More)
The private market of student loans has become an important source of college financing in the U.S. Unlike government student loans, the terms on private student loans (i.e., credit limits and interest rates) are based on credit scores We quantify the effects of credit scores on college investment in a heterogeneous life-cycle economy that exhibits a(More)
BACKGROUND Sialic acid is a deoxy uronic acid with a skeleton of nine carbons which is mostly found on cell surface in animals. This sialic acid on cell surface performs various biological functions by acting as a receptor for microorganisms, viruses, toxins, and hormones; by masking receptors; and by regulating the immune system. In order to synthesize an(More)
We present an animation creation workflow for integrating offline physical, painted media into the digital authoring of Flash-style animations. Generally, animators create animations with standardized digital authoring software. However, the results tend to lack the individualism or atmosphere of physical media. In contrast, illustrators have skills in(More)
Consortium (RRC). The findings and conclusions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not represent the views of SSA, any agency of the federal government, the RRC, the Federal was established in 1998 through a grant from the Social Security Administration. The Center's mission is to produce first-class research and forge a strong link between the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted imaging can depict secondary signal change of the substantia nigra of patients with ipsilateral striatal infarction via a decrease in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Clinical predictors of this phenomenon remain unclear. METHODS We assessed 98 stroke patients with acute ischemic lesions in the(More)
Diffusion-weighted imaging can depict secondary signal changes of the substantia nigra in patients with ipsilateral striatal infarction. We report four patients who demonstrated obvious signal changes of the substantia nigra in the subacute phase of stroke. Embolic stroke was diagnosed in all of the cases, and none of the patients presented clinical(More)
Skeletal muscle atrophy, referred to as sarcopenia, is often observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, especially in patients who are undergoing hemodialysis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether uremic toxins are involved in CKD-related skeletal muscle atrophy. Among six protein-bound uremic toxins, indole containing compounds,(More)
The major cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is cardiovascular disease. Here, p-Cresyl sulfate (PCS), a uremic toxin, is considered to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in CKD. However, our understanding of the vascular toxicity induced by PCS and its mechanism is incomplete. The purpose of this study was to determine(More)