Makoto Nakajima

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KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
Nicotine is primarily metabolized to cotinine in humans. In this study, human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform involved in cotinine formation was identified. The formation of cotinine in 16 human liver microsomes was determined with a 50 microM nicotine concentration and with a cytosol preparation as a source of aldehyde oxidase. Cotinine formation in human(More)
In cultivated rice two wild-type alleles, Wxa and Wxb, predominate at the waxy locus, which encodes granule-bound starch synthase. The activity of Wxa is 10-fold higher than that of Wxb at the level of both protein and mRNA. Wxb has a +1G to T mutation at the 5' splice site of the first intron. Sequence analysis of Wxb transcripts revealed that splicing(More)
We study, theoretically and quantitatively, the equilibrium of an economy with unsecured consumer credit with the following features. Credit-suppliers take deposits at a given interest rate and offer loans to households via a menu of credit levels and associated interest rates. The loan industry is competitive, with free entry and zero costs, and borrowers(More)
A genetic polymorphism was identified in the 5'-flanking region of human CYP1A2 gene, and its effect on the transcriptional activation of the CYP1A2 gene was investigated. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed the existence of a point mutation from guanine (wild type) to adenine (mutated type) at position -2964 in the gene. This point mutation was detected(More)
A total of 10,154 5'-end expressed sequence tags (EST) were established from the normalized and size-selected cDNA libraries of a marine red alga, Porphyra yezoensis. Among the ESTs, 2140 were unique species, and the remaining 8014 were grouped into 1127 species. Database search of the 3267 non-redundant ESTs by BLAST algorithm showed that the sequences of(More)
Human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A6 metabolizes nicotine to cotinine. Genetic polymorphisms of CYP2A6 contribute to the interindividual variability of nicotine metabolism. We encountered some subjects possessing two copies of the CYP2A6 gene, although they were genotyped as heterozygotes of the CYP2A6*4A allele (entire CYP2A6 gene deleted allele). From the(More)
The purpose of these studies was to determine whether the biological and metastatic behaviors of tumor cells isolated from fresh surgical specimens of human colon carcinomas are influenced by the isolation method and the organ site of implantation and growth in nude mice. Three surgical specimens were obtained from three different patients. Two tumors were(More)
The successful penetration of endothelial basement membranes is an important process in the formation of hematogenous tumor metastases. Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan is a major constituent of endothelial basement membranes, and we have found that HS-degradative activities of metastatic B16 melanoma sublines correlate with their lung-colonizing(More)
Nicotine is primarily metabolized to cotinine, and cotinine is further metabolized to trans-3'-hydroxycotinine in human liver, which is a major metabolite of nicotine in humans. We studied the formation of trans-3'-hydroxycotinine from cotinine in human liver microsomes. trans-3'-Hydroxycotinine formation demonstrated single enzyme Michaelis-Menten kinetics(More)