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We study, theoretically and quantitatively, the equilibrium of an economy with unsecured consumer credit with the following features. Credit-suppliers take deposits at a given interest rate and offer loans to households via a menu of credit levels and associated interest rates. The loan industry is competitive, with free entry and zero costs, and borrowers(More)
Nicotine is primarily metabolized to cotinine in humans. In this study, human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform involved in cotinine formation was identified. The formation of cotinine in 16 human liver microsomes was determined with a 50 microM nicotine concentration and with a cytosol preparation as a source of aldehyde oxidase. Cotinine formation in human(More)
The type 1 angiotensin II (AT1) receptor is well characterized but the type 2 (AT2) receptor remains an enigma. We tested the hypothesis that the AT2 receptor can modulate the growth of vascular smooth muscle cells by transfecting an AT2 receptor expression vector into the balloon-injured rat carotid artery and observed that overexpression of the AT2(More)
A genetic polymorphism was identified in the 5'-flanking region of human CYP1A2 gene, and its effect on the transcriptional activation of the CYP1A2 gene was investigated. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed the existence of a point mutation from guanine (wild type) to adenine (mutated type) at position -2964 in the gene. This point mutation was detected(More)
Nicotine is primarily metabolized to cotinine, and cotinine is further metabolized to trans-3'-hydroxycotinine in human liver, which is a major metabolite of nicotine in humans. We studied the formation of trans-3'-hydroxycotinine from cotinine in human liver microsomes. trans-3'-Hydroxycotinine formation demonstrated single enzyme Michaelis-Menten kinetics(More)
1. Cytochrome P450 (P450, CYP) enzymes involved in drug oxidations in mouse intestines were characterized for their role in the first-pass metabolism of xenobiotics. 2. Preparation of mouse intestinal microsomes using a buffer containing glycerol and protease inhibitors including (p-amidinophenyl) methanesulphonyl fluoride, EDTA, soybean trypsin inhibitor,(More)
In cultivated rice two wild-type alleles, Wxa and Wxb, predominate at the waxy locus, which encodes granule-bound starch synthase. The activity of Wxa is 10-fold higher than that of Wxb at the level of both protein and mRNA. Wxb has a +1G to T mutation at the 5' splice site of the first intron. Sequence analysis of Wxb transcripts revealed that splicing(More)
KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
Formation of four oxidative metabolites from the anticonvulsant drug phenytoin (DPH) catalyzed by human liver microsomal cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes was determined simultaneously. Under the conditions in which linearity for formation of 4'-hydroxylated DPH (4'-HPPH; main metabolite) was observed, human liver cytosol increased microsome-mediated DPH(More)
The successful penetration of endothelial basement membranes is an important process in the formation of hematogenous tumor metastases. Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan is a major constituent of endothelial basement membranes, and we have found that HS-degradative activities of metastatic B16 melanoma sublines correlate with their lung-colonizing(More)